August 11, 1919 CE – Scottish Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie Dies

August 11, 1919 CE – Scottish Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie Dies4 (80%) 1 vote *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons After decades of enormous success and generous donations, legendary captain of industry Andrew Carnegie died on August 11, 1919 – likely as the second wealthiest man in history behind John D. Rockefeller. Having emigrated to the United States with his parents at the age of 13, Carnegie ascended from a position in a cotton mill to be the head of one of the most impressive and profitable companies that has ever existed. Born in Dunfermline, Scotland on November 25, 1835, the young Carnegie spent his early years living in the modest […]

August 12, 30 BCE – Cleopatra Commits Suicide as Octavian Advances on Alexandria

August 12, 30 BCE – Cleopatra Commits Suicide as Octavian Advances on Alexandria4 (80%) 1 vote *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons Widely regarded as one of the most beautiful and cunning women in world history, Cleopatra VII Philopator ended up on the wrong side of Rome on August 12, 30 BCE, killing herself as Octavian’s legions marched toward Alexandria, the capital of Egypt. Though legend says she held an asp to her chest after learning of her lover Mark Antony’s defeat at the Battle of Actium and subsequent suicide, there is no way to know for sure. What is certain, however, is Cleopatra’s death opened the door for Rome to be […]

August 13, 1521 CE – Hernan Cortes Conquers the Aztec Capital of Tenochtitlan

August 13, 1521 CE – Hernan Cortes Conquers the Aztec Capital of Tenochtitlan2.8 (55%) 4 votes *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons The most famous capital in the New World finally succumbed to Spanish conquistadors on August 13, 1521. After nearly two centuries as the center of the Aztec Empire, Tenochtitlan fell to Hernan Cortes – and would soon be destroyed in favor of a city built along the lines of European design. Once complete, the reconstructed streets and buildings would form the center of colonial government, giving rise to the most populous metropolis in the world: Mexico City. When the Aztecs arrived in the Mexico Valley around 1200 CE, the lush […]

August 14, 1937 CE – The First Air-to-Air Combat of World War II

August 14, 1937 CE – The First Air-to-Air Combat of World War IIRate this post Click to view full Infographic Two years before German tanks rumbled into Poland, the early stages of World War II began taking shape. Five weeks after the Japanese launched an offensive into mainland China and captured Beijing, the Nationalist Chinese Air Force opened the battle for the skies by downing six Imperial Japanese bombers. Though much of the world was still unaware of the scale of the Second Sino-Japanese War, it quickly evolved into the Pacific Theater of the last Great War. Ground combat began on July 7, when skirmishes between the Chinese Army and […]

August 15, 1965 CE – The Beatles Play at Shea

August 15, 1965 CE – The Beatles Play at SheaRate this post Click to view full Infographic After bringing Beatlemania across The Pond in 1964, George, Paul, John and Ringo decided to take things to a whole new level on their second American tour the following summer. Packing 55,000 people into Shea Stadium in the New York City borough of Queens, the Beatles set records for attendance and profits from a concert on August 15, 1965 – and the ability to pull off large-scale outdoor events suddenly became feasible for promoters and bands all over the world. For many, the two-week tour that kicked off in New York City represented […]

August 16, 1858 CE – Queen Victoria Contacts US President James Buchanan via the Transatlantic Telegraph Cable

August 16, 1858 CE – Queen Victoria Contacts US President James Buchanan via the Transatlantic Telegraph Cable3 (60%) 1 vote Click to view full Infographic Having utilized oceangoing vessels to carry mail for centuries, the completion of a transatlantic telegraph cable opened the United States and Britain to the possibility of near-instantaneous communication when Queen Victoria sent a brief congratulatory message to American President James Buchanan on August 16, 1858. Within weeks, though, the cable failed and the system had to be replaced entirely. Formed in 1856, the Atlantic Telegraph Company came together when businessmen from both sides of the ocean set out to apply the rapidly-advancing technology to connect […]

August 17, 1947 CE – The Radcliffe Line Separates India from Pakistan

August 17, 1947 CE – The Radcliffe Line Separates India from Pakistan3 (60%) 2 votes Click to view full Infographic After five weeks on the subcontinent, Sir Cyril Radcliffe had completed a monumental task on August 17, 1947: separating the former British Provinces of India into the newly-independent Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan. Believing he had found the most equitable solution available given the territory’s wide diversity of cultures and terrain, Radcliffe soon returned to his homeland without realizing he had created one of the major points of contention in the world even today – the border between India and Pakistan. Upon making it to India on July […]

August 18, 1774 CE – Meriwether Lewis is Born in Virginia Colony

August 18, 1774 CE – Meriwether Lewis is Born in Virginia Colony4 (80%) 1 vote *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons Few people encapsulate the wonder of the early 19th century in the United States like Meriwether Lewis, half of the famous duo that explored the vast territory of the Louisiana Purchase. Born on August 18, 1774, he joined William Clark in 1803 to explore a large portion of what would become northern and western America. To this day, his journals from the Corps of Discovery – the official name for what is popularly referred to as the Lewis and Clark Expedition – are striking examples of the flora and fauna encountered […]

August 19, 1839 CE – Louis Daguerre’s Photographic Process is Released by the French Government

August 19, 1839 CE – Louis Daguerre’s Photographic Process is Released by the French Government4 (80%) 1 vote *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons After years of development, the French Government made a startling declaration on August 19, 1839: the Daguerreotype photographic process would be “free to the world” in perpetuity. Louis Daguerre, having worked in tandem with Nicephore Niepce, had created a method to capture images using silver salts and iodine crystals. After a brief exposure to mercury vapor, the picture would be developed – modern photography was born. It is difficult to imagine in an age when smartphones act as pocket-sized cameras snapping photos in an instant, but the process […]

August 20, 1866 CE – President Andrew Johnson Formally Declares the American Civil War Over

August 20, 1866 CE – President Andrew Johnson Formally Declares the American Civil War Over4.7 (93.33%) 3 votes *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons Though hostilities had officially ceased more than a year before with the surrender of the last Confederate Army, no declaration of reunification had occurred for the United States of America after the Civil War. President Andrew Johnson, of North Carolina, offered up Proclamation 157 – “Declaring that Peace, Order, Tranquillity [sic], and Civil Authority Now Exists in and Throughout the Whole of the United States of America” – on August 20, 1866. The bloodiest conflict in America’s history was now officially over. The Civil War had begun more […]