Facts about Nepal

Where is Nepal?
Nepal is a landlocked country in the Indian subcontinent. Covering an area of 56,827 square miles, Nepal is the world's ninety-third largest country by landmass. It has a population of approximately 29,331,000.

Which countries border Nepal?
Located in South Asia, Nepal is bordered by the People's Republic of China on the north and by the Republic of India on the east, west and south.

What are the administrative divisions of Nepal?
Nepal is divided into fourteen zones and seventy-five districts. A permanent chief district officer is appointed for each district, who is responsible for maintaining law and order and also coordinates the work of various agencies and government ministries.

Who are the political leaders of Nepal?
President: Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Prime Minister: Pushpa Kamal Dahal

What is the currency of Nepal?
The currency of Nepal is Nepalese Rupee, denoted by the ISO code NPR. It is abbreviated as Rp.

What is the official language of Nepal?
Nepali is the official language of Nepal; it is derived from Sanskrit and was formerly known as Khaskura. Other languages spoken in the country are: Tharu, Gurung, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Maithili, Kiranti, Tamang, Sherpa, Magar, Limbu, etc.

What is the official religion of Nepal?
Hinduism is the official religion of Nepal and Shiva is worshiped as the major deity. Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, and Christianity are the other religions practiced in the country.

What is the economy of Nepal like?
With a per capita income of around $427 in 2009, Nepal is one of the poorest economies in the world. Agriculture is the main source of income, contributing 40% to the GDP. Rice is the main crop; the other crops include wheat, barley, pulses, sugarcane and oilseeds. Livestock is another major source of income after agriculture. Nepal exports grain, leather and jute goods, carpets and clothing, and its chief export partners are India, Germany and the USA. The import partners of the country are the United Arab Emirates, Singapore, China, India and Saudi Arabia. The main imports are fertilizers, gold, petroleum products and machinery.

Tourism was a major source of income, but has been hampered by the growing insurgent activities of the Maoist rebels.

Where is the world's highest mountain located?
Located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas on the border of Nepal and Tibet, Mount Everest is the world's highest mountain peak, being 29,029 feet high. The name of the mountain in Nepali is Sagarmatha.

Gautam Buddha was born in which area of Nepal?
The great Gautam Buddha, known as the Tathagata, was born in Lumbini, in the south-western Terai region of Nepal. It was a beautiful garden at the time of the great sage's birth. Today it is one of the many places of Buddhist pilgrimage and is visited by people from all across the world. It has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

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Last Updated on: July 13th, 2018