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Latvia language



Latvia language or Latvian is the official language of independent Latvia since 1991. Latvian language is the language of the original local Latvian people, Letts, who constitute 58.6% of the population.
The other languages spoken in Latvia include Russian, Belarusian, Ukranian, Lithuanian, and Polish.

Latvian, spoken by 58.6% of the populace, is followed by Russian spoken by 28.9%, Belarusian by 3.9%, Ukranian by 2.6% and Polish by 2.5%. Strangely, Lithuanian which is similar to Latvian is spoken very sparingly.

The Latvian language is one of the Baltic languages, the others being Old Prussian and Lithuanian. The Baltic languages form a well-identified set of all Indo-European languages. Originally the Latvian language used Fractur alphabets which were adapted German alphabets. In the 1930s modified Latin based alphabets devised by K. Muhlenbach and Dr. J. Endzelins started to be used.



The language of Latvia contains 37 alphabets. The break-up of these 37 alphabets are:
  • 22 Roman letters
  • 13 modified letters
  • 2 two-letter combinations

The set of thirty seven Latvian alphabets contain twelve vowels.

Latvia language does not recognize any articles, but has two genders, masculine and feminine. The other parts of speech like nouns, verbs, adjectives and pronouns change depending on the gender. George Mancelius compiled the first Latvian dictionary, Lettus, in 1638.

The Latvian Language Institute located in Riga started independent operations in January 1992, though it had its beginnings in 1936. This institute conducts research in various subjects pertaining to Latvia language. Some of the research subjects are :
  • History of Latvian language
  • Grammar of Latvian language
  • Terminology of Latvian Language
  • Latvia language and its Socio linguistic aspects
  • Latvian language and its Dialect lexicography


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