China is the World Leader in Wind Power Capacity
The world has largely shaken off its patriarchal mindset. Many governments around the world have realized that the economic and social progress of their respective nations is linked to providing their womenfolk equal opportunities in the service sector, pay, educational attainment, political participation and many other aspects. Today, more women can be seen in the government and private sector and many countries are being headed by women. However, closing the gender gap is still a matter of concern as women, in many nations, are still treated unfairly.
The world needs to learn a thing or two from Iceland, which is the best country in the world for women. Iceland ranked first on the World Economic Forum’s gender gap index of 2016 with a score of 0.874. But, this feat is nothing new for the European nation. Iceland has taken the honors eight years in a row and has closed some 87 percent of its overall gender gap.
The highest possible score of gender gap index is 1 (which means equality) and the lowest possible score is 0 (which denotes inequality). As per this, Iceland, which had a score of 0.874, closed 87 percent of its gender gap. It has largely attained equality by doing well in economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment and political empowerment.
Though the number one nation, Iceland was not the only country that had closed more than 80 percent of its overall gender gap. The other nations in this category were Finland at second spot, Norway at third, Sweden at the fourth position and Rwanda at the fifth. In fact, the African nation of Rwanda is a role model for other African nations. The country, which had successfully closed 80 percent of its gender gap in 2016, had 64 percent of female parliamentarians.
The Philippines, which occupied the seventh spot with a score of 0.786, topped among the Asian nations. South Asia as a region had not fared that well in regards to the gender gap, with Bangladesh attaining the highest score. Coming at the 72nd rank, Bangladesh had a score of 0.698. Pakistan occupied the lowest position among the South Asian nations with a score of 0.556. However, overall it occupied the 143rd rank out of the 144 countries.
The United States, at the 45th rank, had a score of 0.722. In contrast, its neighbor Canada was ahead at the 35th rank with a score of 0.731. Australia at the 46th rank was way behind New Zealand, which was among the top performing countries. Coming at the ninth spot, New Zealand had a score of 0.781.
Other than Pakistan, countries such as Lebanon, Côte d’Ivoire, Morocco, Mali, Iran, Chad, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Yemen need to work a lot more on closing the gender gap. All these countries had a score of less than 0.6.
|Trinidad and Tobago||44||0.723|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina*||83||0.685|
|United Arab Emirates||124||0.639|
|Iran, Islamic Rep.||139||0.587|
(Data sourced from the World Economic Forum)
Also See : Gender Gap in Internet Use