The Best and Worst Countries for Workers
Child marriage, which is the union of two people before the age of 18, is being practiced since ancient times. Though in the modern world the incidence of child marriage has decreased, still its practice continues to be widespread. Child marriage is in fact a violation of the human rights. Though, child marriages can have devastating effects on both boys and girls, but its impact is more severe in the case of girls. Child marriages hamper the development of girls. It results in early pregnancy leading to health complications. It also negatively impacts her education and career prospects. The leading cause of child marriages are poverty as well as gender inequality.
According to a data by the UNICEF, the three African nations of Niger, Chad, and the Central African Republic had the highest rates of child marriages. In Niger, 76 percent of the children were married before they attained the age of 18, though the nation is making concerted efforts to stop the practice. In Chad and the Central African Republic, the percentage of children married in their childhood stood at 68.
India, Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania, Nepal, Liberia, Afghanistan, Brazil, Guatemala, and a couple of other nations witnessed between 30 and 60 percent of children being married off before they attained the age of 18. The situation is also dire in the nations of Pakistan, Mexico, Kenya, Cuba, Ghana, Lesotho, Indonesia, Georgia, Albania etc. Here between 10 and 30 percent of the children were married off in childhood.
The percentage of child marriages is significantly less in a number of nations such as Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Rwanda, Macedonia, South Africa, Algeria, Montenegro, Qatar etc. These nations witnessed less than 10 percent children being married off before they attained the age of 18. The UNICEF data places Tunisia at the bottom of the list. In the North African nation, just 2 percent of children were married in childhood.
The table below will provide information on the number of children married before the age of 18.
|Central African Republic||68|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||37|
|United Republic of Tanzania||37|
|Lao People’s Democratic Republic||35|
|Sao Tome and Principe||34|
|Papua New Guinea||21|
|State of Palestine||15|
|Syrian Arab Republic||13|
|Republic of Moldova||12|
|Trinidad and Tobago||8|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||4|
(Data sourced from UNICEF)