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A Look at the Religious Diversity Scores of Nations

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The World Map Depicts the Religious Diversity in Each Nation

 

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In 2014, Pew Research released the Religious Diversity Index for all nations of the world. The Index measures the religious diversity across more than 200 nations and territories around the world. The index is based on the percentage of population of each nation that follow the eight major religions. This includes the five main religious groups – Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, and Hinduism – as well as followers of folk or traditional religions, religiously unaffiliated and those belonging to the remaining religions. Each country that is included in the list receives a score with 10 being the highest, if every of the eight religious groups represent an equal share in the population. Higher the score of a nation, higher is the diversity.

According to the 2014 Religious Diversity Index, Singapore is the most religiously diverse country in the world with a score of nine out of 10. Coming at the second spot is Taiwan, which has a score of 8.2. Vietnam is the third most religiously diverse nation with a score of 7.7. Other nations and territories which have a score of seven and above are Suriname, Guinea-Bissau, Togo, Ivory Coast, South Korea, China, Benin, Hong Kong and Mozambique.

The countries that stand midway and have scored between 3 and 5 were Russia, Kuwait, Israel, the United States, India, Austria, Nepal, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Spain, among others. The least religiously diverse nations with scores of less than 1 were Azerbaijan, Libya, Pakistan, Senegal, Jordan, Algeria, Maldives, Malta, Afghanistan, etc. Meanwhile, Morocco, Tokelau, and the Vatican City were ranked at the bottom with scores of 0.

The table below provides information on how each nation has scored on the Religious Diversity Index.

Country RDI Score 2014
Singapore 9
Taiwan 8.2
Vietnam 7.7
Suriname 7.6
Guinea Bissau 7.5
Togo 7.5
Ivory Coast 7.4
South Korea 7.4
China 7.3
Benin 7.2
Hong Kong 7.2
Mozambique 7
Macau 6.8
Mauritius 6.7
Cuba 6.5
Mongolia 6.5
Netherlands 6.4
Malaysia 6.3
Burkina Faso 6.2
Japan 6.2
New Zealand 6.2
Bosnia-Herzegovina 6
Chad 6
South Sudan 6
France 5.9
Nigeria 5.9
Fiji 5.8
Trinidad and Tobago 5.8
Belgium 5.7
Guyana 5.7
Latvia 5.7
Qatar 5.7
Tanzania 5.7
Uruguay 5.7
Australia 5.6
Ethiopia 5.6
Republic of Macedonia 5.6
Sri Lanka 5.6
Estonia 5.5
Lebanon 5.5
Bahrain 5.4
Eritrea 5.4
Laos 5.4
Sweden 5.4
Cameroon 5.3
Canada 5.3
Germany 5.3
North Korea 5.3
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 5.1
United Kingdom 5.1
Botswana 5
Kazakhstan 5
Luxembourg 4.9
Russia 4.9
Brunei 4.8
Kuwait 4.8
Belarus 4.7
Ghana 4.7
Bermuda 4.6
Cyprus 4.6
Bhutan 4.5
Gabon 4.5
Israel 4.5
United Arab Emirates 4.4
Jamaica 4.3
Czech Republic 4.1
Nauru 4.1
United States 4.1
Burma (Myanmar) 4
India 4
Montenegro 4
Sierra Leone 4
Slovenia 4
Spain 3.9
Austria 3.8
Nepal 3.8
Albania 3.7
Northern Mariana Islands 3.7
Switzerland 3.7
South Africa 3.6
Bulgaria 3.5
Finland 3.5
Hungary 3.5
Sao Tome and Principe 3.5
Malawi 3.4
Cayman Islands 3.3
Denmark 3.3
Italy 3.3
British Virgin Islands 3.2
French Guiana 3.2
Guinea 3.1
Isle of Man 3.1
Kenya 3.1
Norway 3.1
Ukraine 3.1
Argentina 3
Madagascar 3
New Caledonia 3
Channel Islands 2.9
Oman 2.9
Republic of the Congo 2.9
Slovakia 2.9
Liberia 2.8
Monaco 2.8
Nicaragua 2.8
Haiti 2.7
Palau 2.7
Uganda 2.7
Zimbabwe 2.7
Belize 2.6
Indonesia 2.6
Kosovo 2.6
Reunion 2.6
Greece 2.5
Honduras 2.5
Dominican Republic 2.4
El Salvador 2.4
Equatorial Guinea 2.4
Gibraltar 2.4
Kyrgyzstan 2.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.4
Swaziland 2.4
Brazil 2.3
Cape Verde 2.3
Georgia 2.3
Andorra 2.2
Central African Republic 2.2
Chile 2.2
Venezuela 2.2
Bangladesh 2.1
Lithuania 2.1
Angola 2
Anguilla 2
Sudan 2
Costa Rica 1.9
St. Lucia 1.9
Burundi 1.8
San Marino 1.8
Aruba 1.7
Ireland 1.7
Liechtenstein 1.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.7
Colombia 1.6
Mali 1.6
Philippines 1.6
Serbia 1.6
Syria 1.6
Antigua and Barbuda 1.5
Panama 1.5
Saudi Arabia 1.5
Thailand 1.5
Turkmenistan 1.5
Vanuatu 1.5
Croatia 1.4
Montserrat 1.4
Portugal 1.4
Rwanda 1.4
Bolivia 1.3
Ecuador 1.3
French Polynesia 1.3
Guam 1.3
Netherlands Antilles 1.3
Seychelles 1.3
Dominica 1.2
Poland 1.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.2
St. Pierre and Miquelon 1.2
Barbados 1.1
Egypt 1.1
Gambia 1.1
Guatemala 1.1
Iceland 1.1
Mexico 1.1
U.S. Virgin Islands 1.1
Federated States of Micronesia 1
Peru 1
Bahamas 0.9
Cook Islands 0.9
Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.9
Greenland 0.9
Guadeloupe 0.9
Grenada 0.8
Martinique 0.8
Niue 0.8
Pakistan 0.8
Senegal 0.8
St. Helena 0.8
Azerbaijan 0.7
Cambodia 0.7
Djibouti 0.7
Kiribati 0.7
Lesotho 0.7
Libya 0.7
Malta 0.7
Paraguay 0.7
Puerto Rico 0.7
Samoa 0.7
Tajikistan 0.7
Tuvalu 0.7
Uzbekistan 0.7
Jordan 0.6
Marshall Islands 0.6
Moldova 0.6
Namibia 0.6
Solomon Islands 0.6
Wallis and Futuna 0.6
Algeria 0.5
Palestinian territories 0.5
Zambia 0.5
American Samoa 0.4
Comoros 0.4
Faeroe Islands 0.4
Maldives 0.4
Niger 0.4
Turkey 0.4
Armenia 0.3
Mayotte 0.3
Tonga 0.3
Iraq 0.2
Mauritania 0.2
Papua New Guinea 0.2
Yemen 0.2
Afghanistan 0.1
Iran 0.1
Romania 0.1
Somalia 0.1
Timor-Leste 0.1
Tunisia 0.1
Western Sahara 0.1
Morocco 0
Tokelau 0
Vatican City 0

(Data sourced from Pew Research)

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