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Analyzing the Global Gender Gaps in Economic Participation and Opportunity

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World Map Showing Progress of Women in Economic Participation
The World Map Depicts the Progress Made by Women in Economic Participation in Each Nation

 

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The past few years have witnessed advancements being made by women in all walks of life. Today more women can be seen in the workplace. In many nations around the world, women have also come to acquire leadership roles. The woman of today has much more opportunities and economic freedom as compared to what she had some 30 or 40 years ago. Despite this, in many nations women are still struggling for equal rights.

The World Economic Forum on an annual basis releases the Global Gender Gap report, which accesses the magnitude of gender-based disparities. The report also tracks the progress that has been made over time. The report comprises the Global Gender Gap Index, which is based on several indicators. One of the most important sub-index is the economic participation and opportunity. This sub-index contains three concepts, which are: the participation gap, remuneration gap and advancement gap. The countries score between a scale of 0 to 1. Higher the value, lesser is the gap.

According to the 2016 Global Gender Gap Index, the African nation of Burundi is the best placed in the gender gap in economic participation and opportunity sub-index. The African nation scored 0.865. Coming at the second spot was Lao PDR where the score stood at 0.832. the Bahamas was placed third with a score of 0.827. Other nations that had a score of more than 0.8 were Barbados, Belarus, Botswana, Norway, Rwanda, Iceland, Ghana and Sweden.

Some of the nations which scored between 0.7 and 0.8 in the economic participation and opportunity sub-index were Mozambique, Finland, Slovenia, Namibia, the Philippines, Thailand, Mongolia, New Zealand, the United States, Canada, Russia, the United Kingdom and some other nations.

Meanwhile, the nations that were placed at the bottom and scored less than 0.5 were Oman, UAE, Lebanon, Algeria, Bangladesh, India, Morocco, Iran and a few other nations. Among these war-torn Syria was placed at the bottom and had a score of just 0.273.

For a better understanding of how nations have scored on the economic participation and opportunity sub-index, refer to the table below.

Country Score
Burundi 0.865
Lao PDR 0.832
Bahamas 0.827
Barbados 0.825
Belarus 0.823
Botswana 0.819
Norway 0.818
Rwanda 0.817
Iceland 0.806
Ghana 0.805
Sweden 0.802
Malawi 0.799
Mozambique 0.798
Benin 0.795
Moldova 0.795
Finland 0.794
Singapore 0.793
Latvia 0.785
Slovenia 0.784
Namibia 0.781
Philippines 0.78
Thailand 0.77
Mongolia 0.766
New Zealand 0.765
Lithuania 0.757
United States 0.752
Luxembourg 0.75
Colombia 0.749
Guinea 0.745
Switzerland 0.745
Kazakhstan 0.745
Madagascar 0.739
Vietnam 0.736
Denmark 0.735
Jamaica 0.733
Canada 0.732
Belgium 0.731
Azerbaijan 0.728
Cameroon 0.727
Ukraine 0.722
Russian Federation 0.722
Australia 0.719
Bulgaria 0.716
Burkina Faso 0.714
Zimbabwe 0.714
Portugal 0.713
Tajikistan 0.711
Kenya 0.71
Ireland 0.709
Estonia 0.703
Trinidad and Tobago 0.702
Nigeria 0.7
United Kingdom 0.7
Romania 0.699
Panama 0.696
Brunei Darussalam 0.696
Germany 0.691
Poland 0.69
Belize 0.686
Gambia, The 0.685
Georgia 0.679
Israel 0.678
South Africa 0.677
France 0.676
Tanzania 0.674
Lesotho 0.672
Hungary 0.672
Croatia 0.672
Armenia 0.671
Serbia 0.67
Venezuela 0.669
Spain 0.668
Albania 0.668
Chad 0.667
Cyprus 0.665
Netherlands 0.659
Cambodia 0.659
Dominican Republic 0.658
Macedonia, FYR 0.658
Malaysia 0.658
China 0.656
Paraguay 0.656
Kyrgyz Republic 0.651
Austria 0.65
Greece 0.649
Slovak Republic 0.648
Uganda 0.647
Montenegro 0.647
Czech Republic 0.647
Uruguay 0.643
Brazil 0.64
Nicaragua 0.632
Ecuador 0.631
Senegal 0.628
El Salvador 0.623
Honduras 0.623
Qatar 0.619
Bolivia 0.619
Bhutan 0.619
Suriname 0.617
Argentina 0.616
Guatemala 0.613
Liberia 0.612
Cape Verde 0.61
Costa Rica 0.606
Ethiopia 0.599
Indonesia 0.598
Malta 0.595
Swaziland 0.595
Mali 0.594
Peru 0.594
Maldives 0.59
Bosnia and Herzegovina* 0.581
Cuba 0.578
Nepal 0.578
Côte d’Ivoire 0.575
Italy 0.574
Japan 0.569
Chile 0.565
Angola 0.565
Mauritius 0.55
Mexico 0.544
Korea, Rep. 0.537
Sri Lanka 0.53
Kuwait 0.52
Oman 0.483
Bahrain 0.475
Mauritania 0.469
Turkey 0.464
United Arab Emirates 0.456
Tunisia 0.444
Egypt 0.444
Lebanon 0.44
Algeria 0.435
Bangladesh 0.41
India 0.408
Timor-Leste 0.406
Jordan 0.381
Morocco 0.38
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.357
Yemen 0.352
Saudi Arabia 0.328
Pakistan 0.32
Syria 0.273

(Data sourced from the World Economic Forum)

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