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Liver Transplantation: A Life Saving Procedure

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World Map Showing Liver Transplantation Around the World
The World Map Depicts the Rate of Liver Transplantation per Million Inhabitants in Each Nation

 

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Liver is one of the most important organs of the human body and performs a number of functions. These include bile production and excretion, enzymes activation, filtering and disposing toxin materials from the blood, regulating the cholesterol levels and the mineral as well as vitamin supplies in the body, warding to viruses and infections, regulating the supply of body fuel, and others. In case of liver failure, all these functions are effected. Liver diseases may occur due to a number of factors such as cancer and other growths, alcohol abuse, fat accumulating in the liver, infections etc. As such the only recourse is to go in for liver transplantation, which is a surgical procedure where the damaged liver is removed from the body and a healthy liver from a donor is put in its place. Further, liver is a very unique organ as it is the only organ in the body which has the capacity to regenerate.

According to a data by the Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation, in the year 2015, Croatia witnessed the largest number of liver transplants in the world. The data states that the liver transplant rate stood at 33.57 per million inhabitants. South Korea and Spain, which occupied the second and third positions, witnessed a liver transplant rate of 27.79 and 25.21 per million inhabitants. Other nations where the liver transplantation rate was more than 20 per million inhabitants were Belgium, Portugal, the United States of America, and France.

Nations where the liver transplant rate stood between 10 and 20 per million inhabitants were Sweden, Italy, Czech Republic, Austria, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Turkey, and some other nations.

China, which is the most populous continent in the world, occupied the category where the liver transplant rate was between 1 and 10 per million inhabitants. In 2015, China saw 1.9 liver transplants per million inhabitants. Some other prominent countries in this category were the Netherlands, Brazil, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Japan, Thailand, South Africa, etc.

India, the second most populous country in the world, occupied the slot where the liver transplant rate stood at less than 1 per million inhabitants. In 2015, the figure stood at just 0.92 per million inhabitants. Other countries in this category were Lebanon, Pakistan, Morocco, Ukraine, Vietnam, among others.

The table below will give information on the exact number of liver transplant rate per million inhabitants.

Country Liver Transplants Rate per million inhabitants (pmp)
Croatia 33.57
Republic of Korea 27.79
Spain 25.21
Belgium 24.78
Portugal 24.17
United States of America 22.15
France 21.04
Sweden 18.37
Italy 18.29
Czech Republic 17.9
Austria 17.18
Norway 16.54
Switzerland 16.39
Turkey 15.45
Canada 14.65
Finland 14
United Kingdom 13.91
Ireland 12.98
Slovenia 11.43
Australia 11.17
Germany 11.08
New Zealand 10.67
Denmark 10.18
Israel 9.63
Iran 9.05
Hungary 8.99
Netherlands 8.93
Brazil 8.74
Argentina 8.66
Poland 8.6
Belarus 7.58
Singapore 6.79
Slovakia 6.3
Saudi Arabia 6.25
Uruguay 5.59
Colombia 5.5
Estonia 5.38
Romania 4.92
Egypt 4.92
Lithuania 4.83
Qatar 4.09
Chile 3.8
Japan 3.59
Mongolia 2.33
Russian Federation 2.26
Bulgaria 2.25
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.11
Greece 2
Serbia 1.91
China 1.9
Kazakhstan 1.82
Panama 1.79
Costa Rica 1.67
Montenegro 1.67
Azerbaijan 1.63
Jordan 1.58
Georgia 1.5
Cuba 1.4
Thailand 1.35
South Africa 1.21
Mexico 1.19
Albania 1.03
Republic of Moldova 0.98
India 0.92
Ecuador 0.87
Lebanon 0.85
Pakistan 0.74
Peru 0.7
Malaysia 0.4
Dominican Republic 0.38
Kyrgyzstan 0.34
Morocco 0.29
Ukraine 0.22
Venezuela 0.19
Paraguay 0.15
Tunisia 0.09
Vietnam 0.09
Algeria 0.03
Latvia 0
Malta 0
Luxembourg 0
Maldives 0
Iceland 0
Macedonia 0
Sudan 0
Guatemala 0
Honduras 0
Senegal 0
Fiji 0
Armenia 0
Syrian Arab Republic 0
Bolivia 0
Cameroon 0
Ghana 0
Oman 0
Mali 0
Tajikistan 0
Libya 0
Philippines 0
Nicaragua 0
Nepal 0
El Salvador 0
Mauritius 0
Cyprus 0
Kenya 0
Ethiopia 0
Nigeria 0
Kuwait 0
United Arab Emirates 0
Uzbekistan 0

(Data sourced from the Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation)

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