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Blood Donation: An Essential Component of Healthcare

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World Map Showing the Blood Donation per Thousand Population by Country
The World Map Depicts the Number of People per 1,000 Population Who Have Donated Blood in Each Nation

 

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Blood donation is one of the most important component of healthcare. Blood donation is instrumental in saving the lives of millions of patients who are in dire need of blood. Further, blood donations also help in improving the life of people who have a variety of chronic conditions. However, voluntary blood donation is essential for sustainable blood supply. Without voluntary and unpaid blood donation, it would become extremely difficult to ensure proper blood supply to all the patients who are in need of blood transfusion. Blood donations can also be family or replacement donations and paid blood donations. Though the developed countries, that have well-established healthcare systems, are able to meet the demand for blood, developing and transitional countries usually experience a shortfall between blood requirements as well as supplies. Interestingly, many small nations witness more blood donors as compared to large nations such as China and India with huge populations.

According to a report by the World Health Organization, in 2013, Germany witnessed the largest number of blood donors, which included voluntary non-remunerated donations, paid blood donations, and family or replacement donations. Here the number of blood donors stood at a 57.58 per 1,000 people. Cyprus had the second largest number of blood donors with a figure of 51.33 per 1,000 people, while Denmark stood at the third place reporting a figure of 50.80 per 1,000 people. with a figure of 50 donors per 1,000 people, Sweden came at the fourth spot.

Nations where the figure stood at between 30 and 50 blood donors per 1,000 people were Greece, Belgium, Italy, South Korea, Switzerland, France, Australia, Cuba, Canada, the United Kingdom and some other nations.

Countries such as the United States, South Africa, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Kazakhstan, Chile, Pakistan, UAE, Mexico, Indonesia etc witnessed between 10 to 20 blood donors per 1,000 people. China, which is the world’s most populous nation saw just 8.94 blood donors out of 1,000 people in 2013.

Nations, which occupied the lowest slab and witnessed less than 1 per 1,000 people making blood donations in 2013 were Ethiopia, Nigeria, Cameroon, North Korea, South Sudan, and India. Surprisingly, India, which is the second most populous country in the world, witnessed just 0.76 out of 1,000 people making blood donations in 2013.

For information about the number of people who donated blood in each nation in 2013, refer to the table below.

Country Name Blood donation per ‘000
Germany 57.58
Cyprus 51.33
Denmark 50.80
Sweden 50.00
Greece 49.25
Luxembourg 46.67
Estonia 45.90
Slovenia 45.05
Belgium 44.92
Italy 44.34
Korea, Rep. 44.32
Switzerland 43.48
Croatia 42.15
Finland 41.35
France 39.92
Mauritius 39.40
Slovak Republic 39.06
Czech Republic 38.31
Cuba 36.34
Israel 35.75
Australia 35.05
Brunei Darussalam 34.81
Portugal 33.75
United Kingdom 33.36
Canada 32.74
Serbia 32.15
Poland 30.88
Uruguay 29.11
Japan 28.82
New Zealand 28.67
Lebanon 28.40
Netherlands 27.55
Montenegro 26.78
Iran, Islamic Rep. 26.63
Macedonia, FYR 26.15
Latvia 25.25
Maldives 24.11
Argentina 22.92
Malaysia 22.28
Singapore 21.53
Romania 21.25
Tunisia 20.13
Moldova 20.13
Bahamas, The 19.63
Suriname 19.30
Sri Lanka 18.79
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 18.55
Seychelles 18.41
South Africa 18.32
United States 18.00
Jordan 16.77
Oman 16.50
El Salvador 16.20
Trinidad and Tobago 15.96
Colombia 15.95
Belize 15.55
Russian Federation 15.48
Ecuador 15.08
Dominica 15.00
Costa Rica 14.83
Guyana 14.75
Panama 14.51
Saudi Arabia 14.42
Bahrain 14.34
Kazakhstan 13.98
Paraguay 13.65
Pakistan 13.59
Chile 13.37
Algeria 13.36
United Arab Emirates 13.02
Qatar 12.72
Namibia 12.56
Nicaragua 12.51
Bhutan 12.09
St. Lucia 12.09
Congo, Rep. 12.08
Gabon 11.79
Mexico 11.33
Indonesia 11.12
Jamaica 11.12
Dominican Republic 11.04
Samoa 10.75
Vietnam 10.59
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 10.47
Tuvalu 10.36
Bolivia 10.13
Albania 10.06
Morocco 9.67
Botswana 9.67
Georgia 9.30
Thailand 9.25
Honduras 9.06
China 8.94
Guatemala 8.10
Benin 7.93
Zambia 7.91
Mongolia 7.53
Nepal 7.40
Sierra Leone 7.32
Angola 7.03
Peru 6.88
Kyrgyz Republic 6.79
Cabo Verde 6.55
Liberia 6.52
Cote d’Ivoire 6.46
Ghana 6.43
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.39
Vanuatu 6.32
Togo 6.32
Burkina Faso 6.25
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.25
Uganda 5.92
Burundi 5.69
Chad 5.63
Spain 5.43
Lao PDR 5.40
Philippines 5.36
Sao Tome and Principe 5.26
Sudan 5.13
Myanmar 5.11
Senegal 5.08
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.05
Niger 4.48
Armenia 4.29
Papua New Guinea 4.20
Tajikistan 4.12
Rwanda 4.08
Zimbabwe 4.00
Lesotho 3.93
Bangladesh 3.87
Malawi 3.87
Kenya 3.83
Guinea 3.69
Comoros 3.53
Tanzania 3.47
Cambodia 3.45
Mauritania 2.96
Mali 2.94
Somalia 2.89
Guinea-Bissau 2.81
Haiti 2.71
Central African Republic 2.52
Afghanistan 2.49
Timor-Leste 1.86
Eritrea 1.81
Madagascar 1.06
Ethiopia 0.88
Nigeria 0.76
India 0.76
Cameroon 0.70
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 0.40
South Sudan 0.27

 

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