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Duration of Compulsory Education by Country

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Get to Know the Duration of Compulsory Education in Each Nation
The Word Map Depicts the Duration of Compulsory Education in Nations Across the Globe

 

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The economic and social progress of a nation depends on the quality of educational infrastructure it possesses. It is imperative that a nation’s population should be literate if it has to tread on the path of economic progress. Realizing the importance that education plays in the growth of a country, many governments have taken steps to significantly strengthen their educational infrastructure and faculty.

Despite the positive steps taken by many governments, still a number of children do not go to school. In a bid to provide children with a strong educational foundation, many nations around the world have made education compulsory, though the figure varies from country to country. Compulsory education can be defined as the number of years that children are legally obliged to attend school.

According to a UNESCO data, in the year 2014, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, Ecuador and Tonga devoted the most number of years to compulsory education. In these four nations, the duration of compulsory education was 15 years. In some nations like Uruguay, Mexico, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil, the duration of compulsory education was 14 years.

The European nation of Macedonia had 13 years of compulsory education. In other European nations such as Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Italy and Poland, the duration of compulsory education was 12 years, while in the United Kingdom it was 11 years.

The duration of compulsory education in the United States was 12 years in 2014, which was two years more as compared to its northern neighbor Canada, where it stood at 10 years. Among the South Asian nations, though, Pakistan stood at the top with 12 years devoted to compulsory education, followed by Sri Lanka with 9, India with 8 and Bangladesh with 5 years.

Apart from Bangladesh, other nations that occupied the bottom slot on the UNESCO list of duration of compulsory education were Madagascar, Laos, and Myanmar, where the number of years stood at 5 each.

Country Compulsory Education (years)
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 15
Dominican Republic 15
Ecuador 15
Tonga 15
Uruguay 14
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 14
Mexico 14
Nauru 14
Peru 14
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 14
Brazil 14
Curacao 14
Israel 13
Chile 13
Guatemala 13
Netherlands Antilles 13
Aruba 13
Turks and Caicos Islands 13
Paraguay 13
Macedonia 13
Argentina 13
Puerto Rico 13
Bermuda 13
Philippines 13
Germany 12
Palau 12
Belgium 12
Luxembourg 12
British Virgin Islands 12
Anguilla 12
Kenya 12
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 12
Grenada 12
Uzbekistan 12
Honduras 12
Netherlands 12
Switzerland 12
Mongolia 12
El Salvador 12
United States of America 12
Cayman Islands 12
Turkmenistan 12
Italy 12
Pakistan 12
Poland 12
Turkey 12
Armenia 11
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 11
Bahamas 11
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 11
Dominica 11
Latvia 11
Niue 11
Barbados 11
Senegal 11
Monaco 11
Mauritius 11
Antigua and Barbuda 11
Russian Federation 11
Ukraine 11
Costa Rica 11
Saint Kitts and Nevis 11
Ghana 11
Bulgaria 11
Tokelau 11
Panama 11
Malta 11
Cook Islands 11
Montserrat 11
France 11
San Marino 10
Palestine 10
Burkina Faso 10
Denmark 10
Romania 10
Kazakhstan 10
Togo 10
Gabon 10
New Zealand 10
Greenland 10
Viet Nam 10
Australia 10
Norway 10
Iceland 10
Andorra 10
Cabo Verde 10
Canada 10
China, Macao Special Administrative Region 10
Slovakia 10
Ireland 10
Chad 10
Finland 10
Jordan 10
Congo 10
Gibraltar 10
Algeria 10
Djibouti 10
Colombia 10
Saint Lucia 10
Spain 10
Seychelles 10
South Africa 9
Guinea-Bissau 9
Montenegro 9
Egypt 9
Kuwait 9
Marshall Islands 9
Portugal 9
Georgia 9
Syrian Arab Republic 9
Sweden 9
Morocco 9
Japan 9
Cuba 9
Albania 9
Mali 9
Faeroe Islands 9
Gambia 9
Sierra Leone 9
Sri Lanka 9
Brunei Darussalam 9
Qatar 9
Lithuania 9
Kyrgyzstan 9
Bahrain 9
Lebanon 9
Belarus 9
Indonesia 9
Estonia 9
Libya 9
Greece 9
Cyprus 9
Yemen 9
Tunisia 9
Thailand 9
Liechtenstein 9
Czech Republic 9
Timor-Leste 9
Nigeria 9
Saudi Arabia 9
Slovenia 9
Republic of Moldova 9
Afghanistan 9
China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 9
Austria 9
Kiribati 9
Zambia 9
Tajikistan 9
Azerbaijan 9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9
Belize 8
Eritrea 8
Croatia 8
India 8
Sudan 8
Tuvalu 8
Serbia 8
South Sudan 8
Hungary 8
Samoa 8
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 8
Ethiopia 8
Zimbabwe 7
Nicaragua 7
United Republic of Tanzania 7
Uganda 7
Namibia 7
Swaziland 7
Lesotho 7
Liberia 6
Cameroon 6
Suriname 6
Trinidad and Tobago 6
Iraq 6
Democratic Republic of the Congo 6
Comoros 6
Jamaica 6
Angola 6
Malaysia 6
Guyana 6
Rwanda 6
United Arab Emirates 6
Sao Tome and Principe 6
Benin 6
Singapore 6
Haiti 6
Equatorial Guinea 6
Mauritania 6
Guinea 6
Myanmar 5
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 5
Bangladesh 5
Madagascar 5

(Data sourced from UNESCO)

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