Government of Germany

The Chancellor and President of State are the most important executives of German Government. They are the representive of Government and State respectively with clearly defined legislative powers and duties to perform.

The federal parliamentary representatives set a democratic republic government in Germany. The Federal Chancellor is the supreme power in Germany.

The Government of Germany (German: Deutschlandkarte) holds executive powers. The two sections of Parliament which are the Bundestag and Bundesrat exercise federal powers. The Social Democratic Party and Christian Democratic Union hold enormous power since 1949.

Surprisingly the German Judiciary is not controlled by the executive and the legislative bodies. The constitution of Germany points out the amendments in the government structure after the German Reunification.

According to the Constitution power is divided between the federal, legislative, executive and judicial departments. The Weimar Republic failed in 1933 and the Third Reich came into power.

The Bundestag comprises of 598 members. It is elected for four years. The single seat constituency holds 299 members and the other 299 members belong to the state constituency. 5% vote must be gained by each party to maintain its place in the Bundastag.This is called the five percent rule was introduced by the German Election Law. This stopped the political division of the parties.

Bundesrat represents the state government on the federal rank. It compromises of 69 members. The State government sends the voting orders to the members of Bundarest.

The judicial branch of Germany is self governing. It keeps an eye on the all the state actions. All the civil and criminal issues are controlled by the judicial department. The lower courts are looked after by the State. Apart from the judicial body there is a Constitutional Court in Germany. All the citizens of the country have the right to approach the court.


Germany is a federal parliamentary republic, with the president as the head of state, at the highest level of government. The second highest official is the President of the Bundestag, or parliament, who is elected by the Bundestag. The next level official is the chancellor, whose role is similar to that of a prime minister.

Germany is divided into sixteen states, or lands, each with its own constitution. These states are fairly autonomous, and are subdivided in different ways because of their variations in size. Berlin and Hamburg are city-states that are further divided into boroughs, while Bremen is a city-state that is split into two districts.

The subdivisions of the states can be either area associations, government districts, administrative districts, offices, or municipalities. Germany is divided into 402 districts at the municipal level. These comprise 295 rural districts and 107 urban districts.

Last Updated on: January 12th, 2018