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Geography of Germany

Germany is a beautiful Central European Country. It is surrounded by the Alps in south, North Sea in north-west and Baltic Sea in north-east.

Area 137,847 square miles
Land area 134,836 square miles
Water area 3,011 square miles
Geographic coordinates 51 N, 9 E
Highest temperature recorded 104.4 degrees Fahrenheit
Lowest temperature recorded -50.6 degrees Fahrenheit
General Features
Germany is located in Western and Central Europe. It shares borders with Denmark to the north, Poland and Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France and Luxembourg to the south-west, and Belgium and the Netherlands to the north-west.
It is the seventh largest country in Europe, and the 62nd largest in the world. It covers an area of 137,847 square miles and has a 2,389-km-long coastline. The terrain of the country varies from lowlands in north, uplands in center, and Bavarian Alps in south. The Largest region of Germany comprises Lowlands. Neuendorf bei Wilster is the lowest point, at -3.54 meters, while Zugspitze is the highest point, at 2,963 meters.

Germany has a temperate and marine climate, dominated by humid westerly winds. The northern region of the country experiences precipitation throughout the year and has mild winters and cool summers. The eastern region of the country has chilly winters and hot summers, while the southern and central regions have continental climate. South-west regions are the warmest regions of the country.

Zugspitze is the highest peak in Germany. It lies on the border between Germany and Austria. Conquered first on August 27, 1820 by Josef Naus, Zugspitze has an elevation of 2,962 meters. It is followed by Schneefernerkopf (2,875 m) and Middle Wetterspitze (2,747). Other important mountains in the country are Hochvogel, Vollkarspitze, and Ofnerspitze.

The rivers of Germany flow into the Black Sea, Baltic Sea, and the North Sea. Oder is the most important river that flows into the Baltic sea, while Danube is the most important river that flows into the Black Sea. With a length of 1,777 miles, Danube is the longest river in Germany, and the second-longest in Europe. Rhine, Weser, and Elbe are the important rivers that flow into the North Sea. Other important rivers include Isar, Main, Nebel, Alz, Uecker,Rot, Niers, and Inde.

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