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World Map / Flags of the world / Croatia Flag

Croatia Flag


The Republic of Croatia adopted its national flag on December 21, 1990, the day the country gained independence from Yugoslavia.

Croatia Flag

Flag of Croatia


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The national flag of Croatia bears three horizontal stripes - red (top), white (middle),
and blue (bottom). The combination of red, white, and blue colors used in the flag has been borrowed from the flag of imperial Russia. The national coat of arms is placed in the center of the flag.
The coat of arms features a red and white checkerboard crowned by shields of five historical regions which formed the Republic of Croatia. These regions are - Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia.

The colors used in the flag bear a national significance. Red symbolizes the blood shed by the countrymen in their struggle for independence; it also represents the zeal and enthusiasm of the martyrs in fighting the colonial authorities; white is a traditional symbol of peace and represents the peaceful and amiable nature of the people of Croatia. Blue represents the religious nature of the Croatians and their belief in God. The checkerboard consists of thirteen red and twelve white fields and has been used as a symbol of the Croatian Kings since the tenth century.

The present flag of the Republic of Croatia was adopted on December 21, 1990. Earlier when the country was a part of Yugoslavia, the flag of Croatia was a similar tricolor of red, white, and blue. The only difference was that in place of the checkerboard, the earlier flag bore a five-pointed red star with a yellow border. The red star was substituted by a checkerboard in May 1990, after the general elections took place in Croatia.

Official Name: The Republic of Croatia

Flag Proportion: 1:2

Adopted on: December 21, 1990

Location: Located in south-eastern Europe; Bordered by Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Slovenia

Capital City: Zagreb

Major Cities: Osijek, Zadar, Kutina

Area: 21,851 square miles

Population: 4,290,612

Currency: Kuna (HRK)

Official Language: Croatian

National Anthem: Our Beautiful Homeland

National symbol(s): red-white checkerboard

National colors: red, white, blue

National anthem:
name: "Lijepa nasa domovino" (Our Beautiful Homeland)
lyrics/music: Antun MIHANOVIC/Josip RUNJANIN

Fact about Croatia flag

CountryCroatia
Designed byMiroslav Šutej
AdoptedDecember 21, 1990
Revision1990, 1992
Design and ColorsA horizontal tricolor of red, white, and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the center.
Size Ratio1:2


Last Updated On : August 28th, 2017



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