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“Should Scotland be an independent country?” A question which raised major concerns in Scotland, a question which was to change the face of the country and a question which made many wait with bated breath for the past few months – the question of the Scottish Independence Referendum. It was on 18 September 2014, that the Scottish Independence Referendum was held putting forth the question before its people.

An agreement between the United Kingdom and the Scottish government led to the passing of the Scottish Independence Referendum Bill in November 2013. As per the reports, whatever be the outcome of the vote there would be a sea change in various aspects that will change Scotland irrevocably. A total of 4.3 million people were expected to vote which included with some exceptions, all Commonwealth or European Union citizens residing in Scotland.

A “YES” vote would have brought a change in the physical size of the country, a big change in the economic, market and political scenario, a change in the currency, and energy bills. Several campaign groups surfaced in the light of the referendum. There was a campaign group ‘YES Scotland’ fighting for independence and another, ‘Better Together’ fighting for union. There were many other campaign groups, businesses, parties, newspaper, who were actively involved.

According to reports there were more than 3.6 million people who turned out to answer the Scotland referendum question: “Should Scotland be an Independent County?” 55.3% of the vote were in favor of “NO,” whereas 44.7% voted in favor of “YES” in a turnout of nearly 85%. Of the 32 council areas, 28 areas voted “NO” and 4 areas voted “YES.” What is surprising is, the four regions that voted “YES” (Glasgow, Dundee, West Dunbartonshire, and North Lanarkshire) consisted of over 20% of the electorate.

Following the result, Prime Minister David Cameron reacted elatedly with the following words “"it would have broken my heart to see our United Kingdom come to an end and I know that this sentiment was shared not just by people across our country but also around the world." Scottish First Minister, Alex Salmond decided to resign as the leader of the SNP and as the Scottish First Minister because he believed that his time period as a leader is almost over, but for Scotland the dream shall remain alive and the campaign would not end.

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