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After being under the control of the British for decades, Hong Kong was handed over to China in 1997 as a part of the1984 agreement between China and Britain. 2014 Hong Kong protests or the Umbrella Revolution began in September 2014 as a protest over Beijing’s decision for electoral reform in the Chinese land. The debate over the electoral method of the Chief Executive (CE) of Hong Kong and Legislative Council (LegCo) has grown fiercer since the Sino-British Joint Declaration.

China's Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC) clearly disallowed civil nominations for the post of CE, which is looked upon by the pro-democracy advocates 'as a betrayal of the principle of one person, one vote.' They stand by their argument - the candidates deemed unsuitable by the Chinese authorities would not stand a chance of being nominated.

The protestors have demanded the resignation of the current CE, C Y Leung.. They have taken over the major districts in Hong Kong demanding full universal suffrage. Although the agitation has been continuing for several weeks, there has still not been any major breakthrough. Following months of waiting, the authorities tried to clear the agitators who have captured the key spots such as Admirality, Mong Kok and Causeway Bay. This led to violenet clashes.

Only after High Court gave necessary instructions to clear the paths, Admirality was cleared in the first phase but clashes broke out when efforts were made to clear other important place, the Mong Kok camp. Leung, is at the centre of attention amidst this conundrum and is being termed as a puppet in the hands of Communist Party of China.

On the other hand, Chinese President Xi Jinping ismuch concerned about preserving the national integrity of China and portraying a brave face of China to the outside world. He has already termed this civil disobedience campaign as illegal and clearly supported Hong Kong Government’s stand to face the protestors. One of Hong Kong’s leading business group that has somehow managed to get an injunction to clear the protest sites is a joint venture with Citic Group of Hong Kong. It is believed that Citic Group is being owned by the Chinese Government. As the Hong Kong Government refuses to accept the protest as a legitimate one and to remove all sorts of agitations , establishing democracy might remain a distant dream.
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