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On May 23, 2012, Egypt threw its doors open to a historic presidential poll, in a grand culmination of the revolution that started in early 2011 for the ouster of the dictatorial President Hosni Mubarak. Over 13 candidates stood the first round but voting went smoothly in most places despite fears that the military may attempt to rig the elections.

Over 50 million were eligible to vote in the 2012 Egyptian Presidential Elections. 14,000 judges volunteered to oversee the proceedings and the count and polling hours were extended in many parts of the country. The first phase of the elections in Egypt was held on 23 and 24 May, 2012. The main election was subsequently held on 16 and 17 June, 2012.

The Islamist organization, Muslim Brotherhood formed the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) in the wake of the revolution in 2011. On June 18, 2012, FJP nominated Mohammed Morsi as its candidate. Morsi won Egypt's presidential election in what was the first victory of an Islamist to the office of head of state in an Arab nation.

On June 24, 2012, the election commission of Egypt announced that Mohammed Morsi has won Egypt's presidential runoff. Eventually Morsi won over his prime opponent Ahmed Shafik, by a narrow lead. Morsi won 51.7% of the votes vis-a-vis Shafik's 48.3%.
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