Croatia joins European Union
July 1 , 2013
Croatia became the 28th member of the European Union at midnight on Sunday.
The Adriatic nation joins the bloc 20 years after declaring independence from federal Yugoslavia, which resulted in a four-year war and the deaths of around 20,000 people.
Croatia joins the EU at a troubled time and is facing its own economic woes.
The country is entering its fifth year of recession and a record high unemployment rate of 21 percent.
Croatia, with a population of 4.4 million people, is one of seven nations created out of Yugoslavia during 10 years of conflict in the 1990s.
Slovenia was the first to join the EU in 2004. Serbia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Montenegro and Kosovo are yet to join the bloc.