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Facts about Azerbaijan

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Where is Azerbaijan?
Azerbaijan is located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. It shares its borders with Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to the south.

How did Azerbaijan get its name?
Azerbaijan gets its name from Atropates, a Persian nobleman. He ruled over the present-day Azerbaijan. His name evolved over a millennia, and in modern Persian translates to "The Treasury" and "The Treasurer" of fire or "The Land of the Fire".

How big is Azerbaijan?
Azerbaijan is the largest country in the Caucasus region. Its geographic coordinates are 38 42N, 44 51E. It covers an area of 33,436 square miles and has an estimated population of 9,165,000.

What is the currency of Azerbaijan?
Azerbaijani Manat is the official currency of Azerbaijan. Its ISO 4217 code is AZN, and it is divided into 100 qepik. It is issued by Central Bank of Azerbaijan.

What is the capital of Azerbaijan?
Baku is the capital of Azerbaijan. Located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, it comprises two parts: the downtown and the old inner city. It is the scientific, cultural and industrial center of the country. Its name in Persian means "Wind-pounded city".

Which is the largest city of Azerbaijan?
Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, is the largest city of the country. It covers an area of 822.4 square miles and has an estimated population of 2,064,900. Its geographic coordinates are 40 23N, 49 52E.

What is the official language of Azerbaijan?
Azerbaijani is the official language of Azerbaijan.

What is the religion of Azerbaijan?
Azerbaijan is a secular state as stated in the constitution of the country. It is predominantly a Muslim state. 85% of the population is Shia Muslim, while 15% of the population is Sunni Muslim. The country has the second highest Shia population in the world. Minorities in the country comprises Christians, Hindus, Jews, and Bahai.

What is the literacy rate of Azerbaijan?
The United Nations Development Program Report 2009 states that the literacy rate of Azerbaijan is 99.5%.

Who is the political leader of Azerbaijan?
Azerbaijan is a presidential republic. The government of the nation is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive powers are exercised by the president, while the legislative powers are held by the National Assembly. Since October 31, 2003, Ilham Aliyev has been the President of Azerbaijan. Artur Rasizade is the current Prime Minister of Azerbaijan. He assumed office on November 4, 2003.

When is the National Day of Azerbaijan celebrated?
The National Day or the Republic Day of Azerbaijan is celebrated on May 28. On this day in 1918, the country made its successful attempt at establishing a democratic and secular republic. Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was founded on May 28, 1918.

What is the economy of Azerbaijan like?
The economy of Azerbaijan is an oil based economy. Its GDP nominal in 2008 was $46.38 billion, while its GDP per capita was $10,000. Industry sector accounts for 62.6% of the GDP, followed by services: 31.4%, and agriculture: 6%. Although the unemployment rate stands at 0.9%, 11% of the population lives below poverty line. Major industries are petroleum and natural gas, steel, iron ore, cement, chemicals, textiles, machinery, cotton, and foodstuffs. Major trade flows are with Turkey, Russia, Italy, Indonesia, Georgia, United States, France,Israel, Japan, China, and Ukraine.

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