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Antigua and Barbuda Facts

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Where is Antigua?
Antigua is located in the Caribbean region. It is an island in Leeward Islands of the West Indies. It is the main island of Antigua and Barbuda.
How did Antigua get its name?
Antigua is a Spanish word which means ancient. Christopher Columbus named it after an icon in Seville Cathedral, Santa Maria de la Antigua. Another name for Antigua is Waladli.

How big is Antigua?
Antigua covers an area of 108.5 square miles, and as of July 2009, had an estimated population of 85,632. Its geographic coordinates are 17 05N, 61 48W. It has 54.1 miles long coastline.

What is the currency of Antigua?
East Caribbean dollar is the currency of Antigua. Its ISO 4217 code is XCD. It is subdivided into 100 cents and since 1976 has been pegged to the United States dollar. The exchange rate is US$ 1= EC$ 2.70. The currency is issued by the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank.

Which is the largest city of Antigua?
St. John's is the largest city of Antigua. Its geographic coordinates are 17 07N, 61 51W. It is the most important port of the island, and has an estimated population of 24,226. The city was colonized in 1632. It covers an area of four square miles.

What is the official language of Antigua?
English is the official language of Antigua and Barbuda. Antiguan Creole is widely spoken by the people of Antigua. The accent of Antiguan is different from that of Barbudan. The educational system in the country discourages the use of Antiguan Creole.

What is the religion of Antigua?
Approximately, 74% of the population are Christians. Rastafari Movement, Islam, Judaism, and the Bahai faith are the non-Christian religions practiced in the country.

What is the literacy rate of Antigua?
Education in the country is compulsory till the age of twelve years. In 2001, literacy rate for men was 90%, while it was 87% for women.

Who is the political leader of Antigua?
Louise Lake-Tack is the current Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda. He assumed office on July 17, 2007. Since 2004, Baldwin Spencer has been the Prime Minister of the country.

When is the National Day of Antigua celebrated?
The national day of Antigua and Barbuda is celebrated on November 1. On this day in 1981, Antigua became an independent state within the Commonwealth Realm system. Queen Elizabeth II became the first queen of the nation and Vere Cornwall Bird became the first Prime Minister.

What is the economy of Antigua like?
The economy of Antigua is predominantly dependent upon tourism. It is a service-based economy. In 2008, the GDP and the GDP per capita income of the country were $1.61 billion and $19,000 respectively. Unemployment rate stands at 11%. Services sector accounts for 76.8% of the GDP, followed by industry: 19.2%, and agriculture: 3.9%. Major industries are tourism, construction, transportation, communications, financial services, and manufacturing. Major trading partners are Spain, Germany, Poland, Italy, Singapore, UK, and China.