US Geographical featuresThe vast landscape of USA is a combination of geographical features. Spread over an area of around 3,717,813 sq miles (9,826,675 sq km), the country is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean in the west while the Atlantic Ocean lies in the eastern side. The archipelago of Hawaii is located in the mid pacific region. The US is situated in the Western Hemisphere at 38 degree north and 97 degree west and is the world third largest nation by size. The share of land is around 3,536,294 square miles while the water bodies occupy around 181,519 square miles of the total landscape.
The physical map of US provides you the details of the topographical features of the country by demarcating various geographical regions, their size and the boundaries.
|Total Area||3,717,813 sq miles|
|Land area||3,536,294 sq miles|
|Water area||181,519 sq miles|
|Coordinates||38°0' N, 97°0'W|
|Contiguous zone||24 nautical miles|
|Economic zone||200 nautical miles|
|Territorial sea||12 nautical miles|
Ecological and weather patternsThe varied geographical features have led to the diverse topography of US. The Appalachian Mountains and Rocky Mountains act as the dividing line which separates the eastern seaboard from the Mississippi Basin and the Great Lakes. The lakes are located in the northern central part of the country. The major physiographic divisions in the country are:
By referring to the topographical map of US, you can also get an idea of the vegetation of the country. Deciduous vegetation and grasslands are mostly seen in the east while the west consists of prairies and boreal vegetation. Desert and dry vegetation prevails in the southwestern part.
Weather in USFrom the USA weather map, one can understand the different weather systems in the country. Being a vast nation, USA experiences diverse weather patterns. Most of the northern region experience temperate and continental climate while towards the east, it changes to humid continental. Towards the south, the weather changes to humid subtropical. Florida and Hawaii experience maritime tropical climate while it is arid in the Great Basin region. The climate is very dry in the south western region while some parts of the country like Oregon experience oceanic climate. The states which are located by the Gulf of Mexico are prone to tornadoes and hurricanes.
Political subdivisionsBy looking at the political map of USA, you can get to know about the area and the size of the different states of the country and their subdivisions and boundaries. United States is a federal constitutional republic and is one of the most ethnically diverse and cultural nations in the world.
Spanning an area of around 3.79 million square miles, United States is bordered by Canada in the north while Mexico lies to its south. It is made up of 50 states of which 13 were originally framed out from the colonies which fought for freedom from the British dominion. Apart from these, most of the other states were either purchased by the government or annexed through war. The most recent territory to get statehood was Hawaii back in August 21, 1959.
There are also two more major regions in USA. One is the District of Columbia, which is the federal district. Washington, the capital city is a part of this region. The other is Palmyra Atoll, which is an uninhabited territory in the midst of the Pacific Ocean. The state of Alaska is not a part of United States. It is located in the extreme northwest part of North America. The US political map clearly marks the boundary of Alaska so that readers can easily understand it.
There are 5 major overseas territories which also fall under the statehood of the US. They are:
|United States Virgin Islands||346.36 square kilometers||Charlotte Amalie|
|Puerto Rico||9,104 square kilometers||San Juan|
|Guam||541.3 square kilometers||Hagatna|
|American Samoa||199 square kilometers||Pago Pago|
|Northern Mariana Islands||477 square kilometers||Saipan|
State divisions in USAThe state and county maps of USA provide you with factual information about the locations of the states and the divisions of the country. The state map clearly demarcates the boundaries of the states by different shades and outlines. Through the different colors, readers can easily understand the borders of the states and the area. The state capitals are also distinctly marked by points. Some of the useful details that you can get from the political map of USA are:
|State||Area||Capital||Population(as per 2008)|
|Kentucky||104,659 sq kms||Frankfort||4,269,245|
|New York||141,299sq kms||Albany||19,490,297|
|NewMexico||315,194sq kms||Santa Fe||1,984,356|
|Oklahoma||181,195 sq kms||OklahomaCity||3,642,361|
|SouthCarolina||82931.8 sq kms||Columbia||4,479,800|
|Utah||219,887sq kms||Salt LakeCity||2,736,424|
|WestVirginia||62,755 sq kms||Charleston||1,814,468|
Cities in United StatesThe cities in United States are popular tourist attractions as well as important trading and commercial centers. The US cities map provides the demarcation and the visual representation of the location and the boundaries of various cities in the country. The capital city of US is Washington D.C while the largest city is New York City. Those who are planning to make a trip to the cities can also get to know about the tourist spots and well known landmarks which are pointed in bold. You also come to know about the popular roads, streets and the localities. Some of the basic statistics about the major US cities are:
|City||Area||Population (2008)||Important Landmark|
|Washington D.C||177.0 sq kms||591,833||White House|
|New York City||1,214.4 sq kms||8,363,710||Statue of Liberty|
|Los Angeles||1,290.6 sq kms||3,833,995||Hollywood Sign|
|Chicago||606.1 sq kms||2,853,114||Sears Tower|
|Houston||1,558 sq kms||2,242,193||Houston City Hall|
|Philadelphia||349.6 sq kms||1,447,395||Independence Hall|
|Phoenix||1,334.1 sq kms||1,567,924||University of Phoenix Stadium|
|San Antonio||1,067.3 sq kms||1,351,305||Tower of the Americas|
|San Diego||963.6 sq kms||1,279,329||PETCO Park|
|Dallas||997.1 sq kms||1,279,910||Reunion Tower|
|San Jose||461.5 sq kms||1,006,892||Lick Observatory|
|Las Vegas||340.0 sq kms||558,383||Las Vegas City Hall|
Rivers in USAUSA is a land of water bodies. There are plenty of rivers and lakes which flow to and from various parts of the country. The Great Lakes region consists of freshwater lakes like Superior, Huron, Erie, Michigan and Ontario. Some of the renowned rivers which flow through the country are Mississippi, Missouri, Colorado, and Yellowstone, Tennessee and slots more. Readers can easily locate the path of the rivers and their location from the USA river map.
Transportation in USABeing one of the most advanced countries in the World, the US has a vast and well developed transportation system. Air and road network are very popular. However, rail and ferry services also form a major part of the transport network. The road maps, railway maps and flight maps of USA help you to have a proper understanding of the transport network in the country. This will make your journey easy, quick and hassle free.
Mapsofworld.com provides you with various categories of US maps on physical features, political divisions, states, capitals and major cities, transport and lots more in the country. You can also get useful details on the location and boundaries of the country, the attractions, the business districts and lots more. Some of the well known maps available at Mapsofworld.com are USA physical map, USA Area Code Maps, USA State and Capital Map, USA Political Map, USA County Maps, USA road map, USA weather and precipitation map, New York Map, Texas Map, Hotels in USA, USA Road Map and so on.
Last Updated on : April 15, 2017