Texas is situated in the south-central part of the United States. The state is bordered by Oklahoma to the north, Mexico to the south, Louisiana to the east, New Mexico to the west, and Arkansas to the northeast.
The entire state covers an area of 268,820 sq miles or 696,200 km2. The capital of Texas State is Austin. Other important cities include Houston (the biggest city), San Antonio, and El Paso. The state is also popularly known as the Lone Star State. The state was a Mexican colony and the lone star represents the state as a sovereign republic. You will see the Lone Star on the State Seal of Texas and Texas State Flag. Dallas-Forth Worth-Arlington is the biggest metropolitan region in the state. The state is made up of 254 counties.
Because of its huge area, the state features diverse landscapes that have similarities with both South and Southwestern United States. In spite of the fact that the state of Texas is commonly related with the deserts in the Southwest, below 10% of the land territory of the state is desert.
The state of Texas is home to 25,145,561 residents (as per 2010 Census). It attained its statehood in 1845. It is 10% bigger than France and nearly two times as big as Germany or Japan. If it were a nation, it would have been the 40th biggest country after Chile and Zambia. Three of its boundaries are determined by rivers.
Geographically, Texas is divided into 14 soil zones, 10 weather zones, and 11 discrete environmental areas. Politically, the state is divided into North, South, East, West and Central Texas.
Transportation in Texas
The public transportation system is supported by highways (interstate, U.S., and state highways), airports, seaports, and railroads. The Texas Department of Transportation is the regulatory authority in the state. The state is a major transportation hub in the U.S.