General FeaturesThe US state of Pennsylvania is located in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the country.
|Total Area||46,058 square miles|
|Land Area||44,820 square miles|
|Water Area||1,239 square miles|
|Highest point||Mount Davis (3,213 feet)|
|Lowest point||The Delaware River (sea level)|
|Highest temperature||111 degrees Fahrenheit|
|Lowest temperature||-42 degrees Fahrenheit|
|Geographic Center||Centre County, 2.5 miles southwest of Bellefonte|
The majority of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, with the exception of the southeastern corner, has humid continental climate. Greater Philadelphia has a few characteristics of humid subtropical climate. The mountainous interior of the state is cold. The western area, particularly cities near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually. Rainfall is abundant throughout the state. Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico and Arctic influence the climate of the state. The highest temperature recorded was 111 degrees Fahrenheit, on July 10, 1936 at Phoenixville.
The largest lake in Pennsylvania is Lake Erie. It is the fourth-largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America. It is the shallowest of the Great Lakes, with a mean elevation of 571 feet above sea level. The surface area of the lake is 9,940 square miles, with a length of 241 miles and breadth of 57 miles at its widest points.
Some of the major mountains in the state are:
- Allegheny Mountain
- Bald Mountain
- Stone Mountain
- Cross Mountain
- Mount Davis
- The Pinnacle
- Pine Knob
Major Rivers of the state are:
- Allegheny River
- Christina River
- Delaware River
- Lehigh River