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Map of Montana

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Where is Montana?
Located in the northwestern United States, Montana is nicknamed "Big Sky Country" for its scenic landscapes. Montana contains about 77 ranges of the Rocky Mountains.
Montana Map
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Description about Map :- The map of Montana highlights the state’s borders, the cities, roadways, railways, and the highways.

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History of Montana: When Europeans initially arrived, the land was occupied with the native inhabitants: the Crow, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Assiniboine, Kootenai, Shoshone, Salish, Arapaho, Gros Ventres, Kalispel, Pen d’Oreille, and several others. Exploration of the present day Montana began in the truest sense only after the Louisiana Purchase Treaty was signed on 30 April 1803. Under the treaty, most of what is now known as Montana was passed over to the United States.

The first trading post was established in Montana at the mouth of the Bighorn in the year 1807.
Fur traders of Canadian and American continued to operate for some years thereafter. Several trading posts were established in north-west Montana between (1807-1812) by David Thompson from the North West Company. Traders and trappers poured in huge number due to the beavers that were present in the rivers and mountain streams. The fur trade of the region was dominated by the American Fur Company, which had its posts on the Yellowstone and Missouri. The fur trade largely came to an end by 1840s due to the diminishing supplies of beavers, exposure to several diseases, etc.

Then entered the Roman Catholic missionaries, who established what came to be referred to as Montana’s first settlement, the Saint Mary’s Mission in the Bitterroot valley. They built a sawmill and developed farming.

The discovery of gold in 1852 at Gold Creek near what is presently known as Garrison brought about a sea change in the face of the land. In 1862, there ensued a series of mining in the western third of the state, which led to the discovery of silver, copper, gold, lead, coal, and even oil. This discovery drew thousands of miners and brought about many prospectors in the area. There was a boom in gold output, especially from 1862 to 1876, where it reached a whooping of $144 million.

On 26 May 1864, Montana became the territory of the United States. There was a rapid influx of white people into the area and gradually conflicts started, owing to the loss of control of the Indians over their traditional hunting grounds. This subsequently resulted in the Battle of the Little Bighorn (1876) and a battle in the Big Hole Basin (1877). The Cheyenne and the Sioux emerged victorious in the former and in the latter the Chief Joseph and Nez Perce. The Indians remained powerless in the hands of the powerful army of the United States.

For political reasons Montana did not achieve statehood until the year 1889. February 1889 dawned bright for Montana as President Grover Cleveland finally signed the bill allowing statehood to Montana. On 8 November 1889, President Benjamin Harrison declared Montana to be the 41st state.

Montana’s early history was steeped in mining of lead, copper, zinc, coal, and oil. Butte became the copper hub of the US. In addition, sheep and cattle raising continued flourishing. Today, it ranks high among the states in the production of wheat, barley, sugar beets, oats, flaxseed, and potatoes.

Geography: Montana has a total area of 147,046 square miles, making it the fourth largest state in the United States. Montana shares its borders with Canada on the north, with North and South Dakota on the east, with Idaho on the southwest, and with Wyoming on the south. The state is broadly divided into two geographic areas. There is the eastern side of Montana comprising of the Great Plains and the western side of Montana that includes the Rocky Mountain Region.

Some of the mountain ranges of the Great Plains are the Big Snowy, Little Rocky Mountains, and the Bear Paws. Most of the mountains here lay enveloped in snow around 8 to 10 months. The Rocky Mountain Region is highly sensitive to earthquakes. The region is blessed with more than 50 mountains ranges. The highest point of Montana, Granite Peak, stands at 12,799 feet above the sea level while its lowest point Kootenai River stands at 1,800 feet above the sea level. The major rivers of Montana are Clark Fork River, Yellowstone River, and the Missouri River while the major lakes of the state are Flathead Lake and the Fort Peck Lake.

Since Montana is largely sized, it has variable climate. However, the monthly average temperature of the state ranges from 86.6 degrees to 8.1 degrees Fahrenheit. The highest recorded temperature in the state was recorded at Glendive and at Medicine on 20 July 1893 and 5 July 1937, respectively when the temperature soared 117 degrees Fahrenheit. The lowest recorded temperature, was –70 degrees Fahrenheit, recorded at Rogers Pass on 20 January 1954.

Travel: If one wants to experience the grandeur of nature and the hidden treasures of America, Montana is a must visit place. Rightly nicknamed the ‘land of the shining mountains,’ Montana has much to offer to all travel enthusiasts. One can indulge in hunting, skiing, fishing, and several outdoor activities in Montana. Montana has a perfect blend of traditional and modern cultures, a place where one can enjoy a genuine small-town American lifestyle. It is in the truest sense of the term a traveler’s paradise. Some of the top places to visit during the stay in Montana are:

  • Glacier National Park
  • Yellowstone National Park
  • Lewis and Clark Trail
  • Upper Missouri Breaks National Monument
  • Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument
  • Montana Rockies
  • Museum of the Rockies
  • Flathead Lake
  • Gates of the Mountains Boat Tour
  • C.M. Russell Museum in Great Tours
  • Beartooth Highway
  • Fort Union Trading Post

Montana is home to a small number of sophisticated cities like Missoula, Bozeman, Billings, Helena, Great Falls, Butte, West Yellowstone, Whitefish, Virginia city, etc. Each of them has their own unique history and natural surroundings, which make Montana a charming place.


Last Updated On : Sept 11, 2014

The official flag of Montana consists of the seal of the state on a blue background. The flag was adopted in 1905.
Official Name montana
Largest CityBillings
Official LanguageEnglish ( Spoken : English and Spanish )
Time ZoneMountain: UTC -7/-6
GovernorSteve Bullock
Lt. GovernorAngela McLean
U.S. SenatorJon Tester, John Walsh
AbbreviationMT, Mont. US-MT
Joined the UnionNovember 8, 1889 (41st)
NicknameBig Sky Country, The Treasure State, Land of the Shining Mountains, The Last Best Place
Highest PointGranite Peak
Lowest PointKootenai River at Idaho borde
Montana Travel Guide

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