Michigan is a state located in the eastern north-central United States. The state is divided into two areas: the upper peninsula and the lower peninsula. The upper peninsula is bordered by Lake Superior on the north, by Wisconsin on the west and on the south by Lake Michigan and Lake Huron. The lower peninsula is bordered on the west by Lake Michigan and on the east by Lake Huron and Lake Erie. On the south it borders Indiana and Ohio. The geographic center of the state is in Wexford County. The landscape of Michigan comprises the Superior Upland and the Great Lakes Plains.
Superior Upland: The western area of the Upper Peninsula, where the terrain becomes more rugged, is referred to as the Superior Upland. The region runs along Lake Superior and into the Porcupine Mountains in northwestern Michigan. Mount Arvon, the highest point in Michigan, is found on the Upper Peninsula.
The Great Lakes Plains: The region stretches along the Great Lakes, from Michigan and Wisconsin to Ohio. The Lower Peninsula lies in this region. Lake Erie, the lowest point in Michigan is found in the Lower Peninsula.
|Area||96,810 square miles|
|Land Area||56,809 square miles|
|Water Area||40,001 square miles|
|Highest Point||Mount Arvon (603 meters)|
|Lowest Point||Lake Erie (174 meters)|
|Mean elevation||900 feet above sea-level|
|Geographic Center||Wexford County|
Michigan is characterized by a continental climate. The southern region in the Lower Peninsula has a warmer climate with hot summers and cold winters, while the northern part of Lower Peninsula has a more severe climate with warm summers and very cold winters. The highest temperature recorded in Michigan is 44°C at Mio on July 13, 1936. The state registered the lowest temperature of -46°C on February 9, 1934 at Vanderbilt. Michigan is prone to severe weather conditions and thunderstorms, tornadoes are common in some areas. An average of seventeen tornadoes occur every year in the extreme southern portion of the state.
The state has numerous lakes in both the peninsulas. Lake Michigan is the second-largest of the Great Lakes by volume. The other major lakes are:
Michigan has over three hundred rivers. The major rivers are:
The state is home to a number of large islands. The principal ones are:
- North Manitou and South Manitou, Beaver, and Fox groups in Lake Michigan
- Isle Royale and Grande Isle in Lake Superior
- Marquette, Bois Blanc, and Mackinac islands in Lake Huron
- Neebish, Sugar, and Drummond islands in St. Mary's River