The capital and biggest city of Arizona is Phoenix and Tucson is the second largest city. Some of the other large cities in this southwestern state are Mesa, Gilbert, Glendale, Tempe, Chandler, Peoria, Scottsdale, Surprise and Yuma. Arizona is the 48th state of USA and was the final neighboring state to have been added to the Union. It achieved statehood on 14th February 1912. With regards to population it is the biggest landlocked state in USA. In addition to the Grand Canyon, there are a number of national forests, monuments and parks in Arizona.
Arizona has a desert like climate with mild winters and very hot summers. The state however, has mountain ranges and pine forests in the northern high country. The weather in the lower deserts is cooler compared to the rest of the state.
Arizona is among the Four Corner States of USA. As per the map of Arizona it shares borders with New Mexico, California, Utah, Colorado and Nevada. It also has a 389 mile long international border with Mexican states Baja California and Sonora.
Native Americans in Arizona
At least 25% of the territory in Arizona serves as the Federal Trust Land. Apart from the Navajos there are a number of other indigenous tribes in this state such as the Hopi tribe, Yavapai, Tohono O'odham, Quechan, Apache and Hualapai.