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Great Britain Facts



Where is Great Britain?

Great Britain is an island located in the northwest of continental Europe and east of Ireland. English Channel and North Sea separate the island from the European continent. It is the ninth-largest and third most populous island in the world. It is surrounded by over 1,000 smaller islands and islets. Great Britain is a political term to describe England, Scotland and Wales. It is different from The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Island, since United Kingdom includes Northern Ireland as well.

What is the capital of Great Britain?

England, Scotland and Wales form the island of Great Britain. The capital of these countries are:
England: London
Scotland: Edinburgh
Wales: Cardiff

What is the currency of Great Britain?

The currency of Great Britain is Pound Sterling. Its ISO 4217 code is GBP.

Which is the largest city of Great Britain?

London is the largest city of Great Britain. It is located on River Thames and is a leading global city. It is the largest financial center of the world and has the largest GDP in Europe. It has an estimated population of 7,825,200 and covers an area of 607 square miles. It has four World Heritage Sites: The Tower of London, Kew Gardens, the site of Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey and St. Margaret's Church and the historic settlement of Greenwich.

What is the English Channel?

English Channel is a segment of Atlantic Ocean that separates southern England from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic. It has the smallest shallow seas around the continental shelf of Europe. It is about 350 miles long and varies in width.

What is the official language of Great Britain?

The official language of Great Britain is English. Irish, Ulster, Scots, Scottish, Gaelic Scots, Welsh and Cornish are other recognized regional languages.


What is the religion of Great Britain?

The largest religion in Great Britain is Christianity. The Anglican Church of England is the established church. 71.6% of the population follows Christianity; other religions are Islam(2.8%), Hinduism(1%), Sikhism(0.6%), Judaism(.05%) and Buddhism(0.3%). 15% of the population stated that they had no religious inclination while 7% stated no religious preference.

What is the literacy rate of Great Britain?

Average literacy rate of Great Britain is 99%.

Who is the political leader of Great Britain?

England is a constitutional monarchy and has a parliamentary system. It is governed by the parliament of the United Kingdom. Scotland's head of state is the monarch of United Kingdom and it also has a representation in the UK parliament. Both Wales and Scotland have partial self-government within the United Kingdom.

The prime minister of the United Kingdom is David William Donald Cameron. He was sworn into office on May 11 2011. The current monarch of Great Britain is Elizabeth II. She is also the constitutional monarch of the sixteen sovereign states known as the Commonwealth realms. Alexander Elliot Anderson "Alex" Salmond is the fourth first minister of Scotland. He assumed office on May 16, 2007. He is also the leader of the Scottish National Party.

When is the National Day of Great Britain celebrated?

Scotland: November 30, also known as St Andrew's Day. Saint Andrew was one of the Twelve Apostles and brother of Simon Peter or Saint Peter. He is the patron saint of Scotland. The Scottish flag is the cross of St. Andrew.

England: April 23, also known as St George's Day. Saint George is the patron saint of England. A sixth-century story reveals that Saint George rescued a maiden by slaying a fire-breathing dragon. His name was shouted by English Knights who fought beneath the red-cross banner of St George during the Hundred Years War.

Wales: March 1, also known as St David's Day. Saint David is the patron saint of Wales. He was a Celtic monk, abbot and bishop who spread the word of Christianity across Wales in sixth century.


What is the economy of Great Britain like?

The Economy of England and Scotland is mixed-market type. The English economy is one of the world's largest, and the largest in the UK. The Bank of England is the United Kingdom's central bank. The economy of Wales is dominated by the service sector, which contributes 66% to the Gross Value added (GVA), followed by manufacturing sector (32%) and agriculture, forestry and fishing (1.5%). The estimated GDP of Scotland is 138.744 billion GBP.

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