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Bermuda Geography






The Geography of Bermuda is full of diversity. The Bermudian Islands are basically a group of around 140 islands spread over the North Atlantic Ocean. This flourishing British colony is established near the fascinating backdrop of the Carolina coast. The Islands of Bermuda sprawls over an area of 53.3 square kilometers. With its innumerable rocks and magnificent coastal area, geography of Bermuda offers enough to charm you.

Geographical Features of Bermuda Islands
Majority of the Islands in the Bermudian territory are uninhabited. The natives and foreign settlers occupy around 20 islets of Bermuda. The remaining Islands are deserted and feature endless natural treasure. The economic activities of this British territory take place mostly within six islands. The island Bermuda is the biggest of all Bermudian islands. Among the other major islands of this group, Saint Davids, Boaz, Saint George's, Somerset and Ireland are worth mentioning. Hamilton, the capital city of the Bermuda islands, also serves as the main port and the chief commercial center.

Bermudian Geography mostly features volcanic mountains covered with corals. Underwater reefs encircle the Islands of Bermuda. Coral lagoon is another interesting feature of the geography of Bermuda. The average height of the Islands of Bermuda is around 260 feet from the sea surface.

Formation and Geology of Bermuda
A quick delve into the history reveals that the Bermuda Formation and Geology can be equally fascinating like its amazing scenic beauty, its vibrant cultural heritage and the host of exiting adventure sports that it offers to the tourists.

Volcanic eruptions along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge almost 100 million years ago led to the formation of Bermuda. Basically an archipelago, Bermuda consists of approximately 150 small islands and islets. Some of the main islands of Bermuda, also known as Great Bermuda and main island; Somerset; Ireland; Saint George's; Saint Davids; and Boaz.

Some facts about the Bermuda Formation and Geology:
  • Bermuda Islands consist of an approximate area of 53 sq KM. Narrows channels running in between the constituent islands of Bermuda serve as dividers, separating the individual islands from one another.
  • Volcanic rocks form the base of this archipelago. Erosion has played an important role in Bermuda Formation and Geology. The adjoining sea waves and winds have carved out the rock structure which is now laden with layers of limestone.
  • Reefs fortify the constituent islands of Bermuda from north, west and south and these are mostly underwater.
  • Limestone caves of Bermuda are yet another distinctive feature of this island country. Several limestone caves varying in sizes have been noted in Bermuda. These caves are adorned by several erosional features like stalactites and stalagmites, which make underwater diving exploration in Bermuda particularly exciting.
  • Bermuda Formation and Geology have contributed severally in making Bermuda a vacationers' paradise.
Weather in Bermuda
The diversity of Bermuda gets reflected in its mild climatic conditions. The temperature of the islands varies between 17 degree Celsius and 26 degree Celsius. The ocean wind results in humid weather.

Lying in the course of the warm Gulf Stream, bathed by the North Atlantic water and endowed by pleasant temperate conditions, Bermuda weather is as enchanting as the place itself. Sub-tropical climatic condition is the prime reason that make Bermuda weather enthralling to the tourists.

Temperature Range
With the average annual temperature set at 76°F, summers range from warm to hot. Winters on the other hand are primarily mild and intermittently warm with an average annual low of 68°F. The Bermuda weather if further blessed by moderate climatic conditions without any extremes.

Rains in Bermuda
Although, Bermuda does not have any particular rainy season; rainfall is plentiful and evenly distributed throughout the year. Incessant drizzles are rather uncharacteristic of the typical Bermuda weather. Short heavy showers accurately define the Bermuda weather trait.

Humidity Factor
The climate of Bermuda is also quite humid. As this humidity intensifies it results into severe thunderstorms. These sporadic rainstorms give Bermuda its share of fresh water supply and are eagerly looked forward to by the local people.

Hurricanes in Bermuda
By virtue of Bermuda's location, far north of the Caribbean, Hurricanes occur infrequently. Hurricanes lash the shores of Bermuda once every seven years. These violent tropical storms, however, weaken considerably by the time they reach the latitude where Bermuda is located. Moreover, Bermuda is also well guarded by its reefs.

Thronged by tourists from various part of the Globe, it is primarily these attributes of Bermuda weather that make it a sought after holiday destination.

Ecology of Bermuda
The Bermuda terrestrial ecology is thriving with versatility courtesy colorful blooms, blue waters and abundant vegetation, which made it an intense horticulture destination, immigration ground for birds and home of huge variety of marine life. Bermuda terrestrial ecology that primarily consisted of Bermuda flora and fauna is vivid and enthralling with life. Although Bermuda lacks native land mammals but it is blessed with fertile soil, adequate rainfall and fantastic climate, which provides an excellent ground for the growth of diverse flora and fauna in Bermuda. Bermuda terrestrial ecology meant a lot of migrations of lots of birds from distant land.

Flora in Bermuda
Bermuda has a subtropical climate hence it has a varied flora. There are several flowers like Bougainvillea, Hibiscus, Oleander, Poinsettia, Bermudiana. The main trees of Bermuda are Bermudian ceder, Juniperus Bermudian, Olive wood bark,Bermuda palmetto, Loquat, Royal poinciana,Screw pine, Paw-paw, Cassava.

Fauna of Bermuda
The Terrestrial fauna includes the native non marine land animal that is endemic Bermuda Rock lizard, whistling tree frogs, Road toads, Birds like white eyed vireo, kiskadee and Ca how. The Marine fauna is beautiful. As Bermuda has northernmost coral reefs found in Atlantic hence it is bustling with marine activities. Angelfish, Trigger fish, Clown wrasse, Portuguese man-of-war are some of the major fishes of marine ecosystem.

The Bermudian flora and fauna is photogenic, colorful and is thriving with life.



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