|Centre of Attraction||Uluru (Ayers Rock)|
|City, Country||Yulara (Ayers Rock Resort), Australia|
|Nearest Airport||Darwin International Airport|
Alice Spring Airport (Domestic Flights)
Connellan Ayers Rock Airport, (Domestic Flights)
Uluru, which means 'great pebble' in the Aboriginal language. Uluru is a 3.6km-long rising 348 metres above the surrounding countryside. It has an area of 3.33 sq. km and a circumference of 9.4 km. It experiences an average of 200-250 mm of rainfall per annum and a typical desert temperature range which can fall to -8°C at night-time in winter and rise to 47°C during the day in summer.
Uluru is notable for its quality of changing colour as the different light strikes it at different times of the day and year, with sunset a particularly remarkable sight. It is made of sandstone infused with minerals like Feldspar (Arkosic sandstone) that cause it to give off a red glow at sunrise and sunset. The rock gets its rust color from oxidation.
It is sacred to the Aborigines and has many storied springs, waterholes, rock caves and ancient paintings. Ayers Rock was the name given to it by European settlers and Uluru is the Aboriginal name. Uluru is adjacent to an Aboriginal settlement, and to the tourist town of Yulara.
In 1985 the Australian Government returned ownership of Uluru to the local Aboriginal people, the Anangu, who then leased it back to the Government for 99 years as a Australian National Park.