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Where is Taiwan ?
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Taiwan is an East Asian island nation, just off the east coast of the People's Republic of China, and not far from Japan and the Philippines. The capital of Taiwan is Taipei.
Taiwan Map
The official Flag of Republic of China (Taiwan) was adopted in 1928. The Taiwan flag is red with a navy blue canton bearing a white sun with 12 triangular rays.
CapitalTaipei
Largest CityNew Taipei
Area13,973 Sq Miles
Population23,230,506
Official LanguageMandarin
CurrencyNew Taiwan dollar (NT$) (TWD)
PresidentMa Ying-jeou

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Taiwan, officially known as the Republic of China, is located on an island just off the coast of the People's Republic of China.


Taiwan's nearest neighbors are the People's Republic of China, Japan, and the Philippines. Taiwan covers the island of Taiwan (once called Formosa) as well as smaller islands, which include Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu. Taiwan covers an area of 36,193 square kilometers (13,974 square miles), its main island making up 35,883 square kilometers (13,855 square miles). The capital of Taiwan is Taipei, and the most populous city of Taiwan is New Taipei City.

Taiwan is situated with the East China Sea to the north, the Philippine Sea to the east, the Luzon Strait and the South China Sea to the south. Taiwan is 180 kilometers (110 miles) off the coast of mainland China.

The population of Taiwan is about 23.3 million, making it the seventeenth most densely populated country in the world. The people of Taiwan are primarily of Han descent, with a small minority of indigenous Taiwanese people. The official language of Taiwan is Standard Chinese, though regional languages recognized by the government include Taiwanese and Hakka.

The Republic of China was established on January 1, 1912. The People's Republic of China claims the territory of Taiwan as part of its own, while Taiwan's Republic of China claims mainland China and Outer Mongolia as part of its territory, though it only occupies its own islands. This continues to be a contentious issue in the region.

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Last Updated On : February 13, 2013