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Temne, Krio, Mende, Lebanese and fifteen other tribal communities are the prominent racial groups of Sierra leone. The Republic of Sierra leone adheres to a democratic form of government. The economy of Sierra leone depends on mining and diamond industries. Islam, Animism and Christianity are the main religious groups of the country.
Guinea and Liberia are the neighboring countries of the Republic of Sierra Leone; while the Atlantic Ocean has touched its southwestern coast. Mangrove forests, mountains, coastal plains, and rivers have painted the topography of Sierra Leone with a rainbow hue. Mining is the chief revenue earner of the country. The nation is a world famous producer of diamond. It is also famous for rutile storage. Agriculture is another major occupation. Republic of Sierra Leone has witnessed several coups and a major civil war. Currently it is on a path of progress.
Independence, Republic and Government
The Bulom, the Mende, the Temne and the Fulani were the ancient tribes of Sierra Leone. Portuguese voyagers were the first Europeans to explore the country during the 15th century. Britain annexed the country during the late 18th century. Sierra Leone gained independence on April 27, 1961 and its Republic status was proclaimed on April 19, 1971.
Republic of Sierra Leone is a democratic country under the governance of the President. He/she leads both the state and the government of Sierra Leone. The President's tenure is of 5 years (maximum two terms). General election decides this post. The House of Representatives is the national legislature of Sierra Leone. 124 members occupy the positions of the assembly. Majority of the members are elected for 4-year terms. A High Court, an Appeals Court and a Supreme Court form the judiciary of Siera Leone. Ernest Bai Koroma is the current state head of the African republic.
Culture and Heritage
Dancing is a major component of the culture and heritage of Sierra Leone. The Sierra Leone Dance Troupe has a global niche for its performance. Different ethnic communities of the country possess indigenous dance forms. The dancers wear various types of wooden masks. Ethnic and French influences have enriched music of Sierra Leone. Palm wine is both a favorite beverage and a musical form (maringa) of the country. Gumbe and afro-pop are some other popular musical genres of the country.
Sierra Leone houses several historical sites. Rich flora and fauna are some characteristics of the country. It dense forests are home to several animals like chimpanzees, crocodiles and many bird varieties. Some top attractions of the tourism of Sierra Leon include: