The city of Taif lies within the well-known Mecca province of Saudi Arabia and is popularly referred to as the 'city of colors'. Situated atop the Al-Sarawat Mountains at a height of
The Taif also acts as a popular pilgrimage retreat when Muslims from around the world come on a pilgrimage to Mecca. Taif is also associated with the popular legend of the stoning of Muhammad, when it renounced Islam. Today, the only religion practiced in the country is Islam. After the Battle of Hunayn, the Thaquif tribes demolished the idol of the Lady of Taif and completely converted to Islam. The modernization of Taif took place, once the Saudis started to establish the first power generator in the city.