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Independence Day of Saint Lucia




When is the Independence Day of Saint Lucia Celebrated?
Saint Lucia became an independent nation on February 22, 1979.
On this date it became an independent member of the Commonwealth of Nations with the British queen as the head of the state. The Independence Day of Saint Lucia is celebrated as a public holiday.

How did Saint Lucia gain its independence?
The history of Saint Lucia goes back a long way. It was initially discovered by the great explorer Christopher Columbus on December 13, 1502. In 1643, the French set up the first permanent European settlement on this island.  Following the defeat of the French at the hands of the British in the Seven Years’ War, control of Saint Lucia passed on to the British. The French and British continued to fight over Saint Lucia till 1814 when the British secured its control over the island. Britain continued to rule Saint Lucia till 1967, when they handed over internal self-government to the Saint Lucian people. Finally on February 22, 1979, Saint Lucia became an independent sovereign nation.

What does the national flag of Saint Lucia represent?
The national flag of Saint Lucia was designed by Dunstan St Omer, an artist. The flag was officially adopted as the national flag of Saint Lucia on March 1, 1967. Since then, the design of the flag was changed once in 1979. In 2002, the background color was changed. The present national flag of Saint Lucia has a sky blue background which symbolizes the sky, the ocean that surrounds this beautiful island, and fidelity. There is a golden isosceles triangle in the middle, symbolizing sunshine and prosperity. On top of the triangle, there is a black and white arrowhead, with black being the dominant color. This symbolizes the racial harmony between the people of the two races, although the dominance of black symbolizes greater influence of black culture than European. The triangle also represents the Piton peaks, which are the largest peaks of Saint Lucia.

Who composed the national anthem of Saint Lucia?
“Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia” is the national anthem of the country. When Saint Lucia gained self-government in 1967, this song was adopted for the first time. Following their independence in 1979, “Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia” became the national anthem of Saint Lucia. Charles Jesse wrote the lyrics while Leton Felix Thomas composed the music.