The constitution of the Rwandan government is a multi party type which consists of the republic and the presidential rule. The capital of Rwanda is Kagali and it attained its independence in the year 1962, 1st July. The Rwanda Judicial Branch consists of the; High Courts of the Republic; Provincial Courts; Supreme Court, District Courts and the mediation committees. The Rwandan Legal System is mainly based on the civil and customary laws of the Belgian and the Germen law system. In 2003, 26th May, the new constitution of Rwanda passed successfully by the referendum.
The Rwanda Judicial Branch is divided into two sectors namely Court of Cassation and the Council of State. The Supreme Court of Rwanda Judicial Branch is the highest authority in the country. The judgments given by the judges of the Supreme Court are final and one cannot appeal again once the decisions have been given out. The decisions of the Supreme Court are applicable on all parties and also public officials, civilians, judicial officers, military persons. The Rwanda Judicial Branch also has municipality, town and district courts. The military court in Rwanda comprises of Military Tribunal and also the Military High Court.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) is a court governed by the United Nations. It is an international court which was formed for the trial of offences that was committed in Rwanda during the time of genocide. In the year 1994, 6th April, the genocide took place. The Rwanda Judicial Branch with the help of ICTR prosecuted the crimes committed in the genocide that took place in Rwanda. The media was also held responsible for encouraging the genocide. On October 23rd, 2003, the trial against the media started. The Tribunal comprised of 16 judges in respective four chambers