The country of Romania lies to the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. The border area of this country is 3195 kilometers. Hungary lies to its west, Bulgaria is in the south, Serbia to the southwest and Republic of Moldova is in the east of Romania. To the southwest of Romania there lies the coastal area of Black Sea covering an area of 245 kilometers. This coastal area offers an outlet to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
The Romania Geography deals with natural landscape, which comprises of hills (33%), mountains (31%) and plains (36%). The varied landscape features spread from the Carpathian Mountains to the Danube delta. The range of the Carpathian Mountains stretches over 1000 kilometers and covers an area of 70,000 square kilometers. These mountains are generally of low height and are divided into three divisions namely the eastern Carpathians, western Carpathians, southern or the Transylvanian Carpathians.
Beyond the Carpathian Mountains the plains extend to the south and the west. The lower Danube plain is separated by the Olt River. On the east of the river there is the Romanian plain and on the west there lies the western plain. This plain is very fertile for the agricultural use. Some of the important rivers of Romania are Mures, Somes, Arges, Siret, Lalomita, Prut and the Olt. The Danube is by far the most important one,which is used both for transportation and the generation of hydro-electricity.