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Peru Facts




What is the capital of Peru?

Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru. It was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535 as la Ciudad de los Reyes, or "the City of Kings".


Where is Peru?

Peru is located on South America's central Pacific coast.


Which countries/regions border Peru?

The world's twentieth-largest nation, Peru is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.


What are the administrative divisions of Peru?

Peru is divided into 25 regions and the province of Lima. Each region has an elected government composed of a president and a council, which serves for a four-year term.


Who are the political leaders of Peru?

President: Ollanta Humala
Prime Minister: Salomon Lerner Ghitis


What currency is used in Peru?

The nuevo sol is the currency of Peru. The ISO 4217 currency code is PEN.


What is the official language of Peru?

Spanish is the primary language of the country. Quechua and Aymara are the other languages spoken in Peru.


What is the religion of Peru?

Peru is mainly a Catholic country. Indigenous Peruvians, however, have blended Catholicism and their traditional beliefs.


What is the economy of Peru like?

Peru is a developing country with a market-oriented economy. It is the world's top producer of silver, second in zinc, third in copper and tin, fourth in lead, and sixth in gold. Mineral exports have consistently accounted for the most significant portion of Peru's export revenue, the contribution being 61% in 2009.

Peru is an international leader in fishing, producing nearly 10 percent of the world's total fish catch. Fishing currently accounts for roughly 3.5 percent of GDP and, because it is not a labor-intensive industry, employs approximately 80,000 people.


When is the independence day of Peru celebrated?

The Independence Day of Peru is celebrated on July 28 to commemorate the anniversary of Peru's independence from Spanish rule in the year 1824. The Peruvian independence was first declared in 1821 by the Argentine liberator General Jose de San Martin, but absolute independence was gained only in 1824.