Population: 165803560 (July 2006)
Age Structure : 0-14 years 39%
15- 64 years 56.9%
65 years and above 4.1%
Population Growth Rate : 2.09%
Birth Rate : 29.74 births/ 1000 population
Death Rate : 8.23 deaths/ 1000 population
Total Fertility Rate : 4 children born/ woman
Fertility decline rate : 1.8 children/ woman per decade
Infant mortality rate : 70.45 deaths per 1000 live births.
Life expectancy : Total Population 63.9 years
Male 62.4 years.
Female 64.44 years
Sex Ratio : At Birth 1.05 male/ female
Under 15 years 1.06 male per female
!5-64 years 1.05 male per female
65 years and above 0.92 male per female
Total Population 1.05 male per female
Literacy : Those who can read and write and are above 15 years of age
Total population 48.7%
Religion : 97% of the population is Muslims of which 77% are Sunnis and 20% are Shias. The remaining 3% of the population belong to the minority i.e. Hindus and Christians.
Languages : Punjabi- 48% (Spoken mostly by people of Punjab and in Karachi )
Sindhi- 12% (Spoken mostly by people of Sindh)
Siraiki- 10% (Southern Districts of Punjab )
Pashtun- 8% (Spoken mostly by people of North West Frontier Province and Balochistan)
Urdu - 8%
Balochi- 3% ( Baluchistan and in parts of Sindh)
Burushashki and others- 8%
Geographic Distribution : The majority of the population of Pakistan lives along the fertile region of the Indus. In the Northern parts the Population is mainly concentrated in the cities of Faisalabad , Rawalpindi , Islamabad , Lahore , Sialkot , Peshawar , and Gujranwala .
Though there is a decrease in the net growth rate but the population is expected to reach the 175 million mark within the next decade.