Read more (2014 Olympics Medals Table)
Winter olympics has 15 sports and a total of 90 events. These events are held on snow or ice with categories involving single, group or teams in both men and women categories.
Alpine skiing was included in both men's and women's skiing program during the 1936, Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Games. The events contested at the 1936 Games were men's combined event and women's combined events. At present, there are ten events currently in the program of alpine skiing in the Winter Olympics ,they are Men's Downhill,Ladies' Downhill,Men's Super-G,Ladies' Super-G,Men's Giant Slalom,Ladies' Giant Slalom,Men's Slalom,Ladies' Slalom,Men's Super Combined,Ladies' Super Combined.
Biathlon means "dual event" .The sport event consists of two disciplines-cross-country skiing and rifle shooting. It was developed in the eighteenth century, when it was a popular exercise in the military camps. The sport "military petrol" can be referred to be the predecessor of biathlon. The sport has become extremely popular in Norway, Finland, Russia, Sweden, Slovenia, Germany, Belarus, Estonia and Bulgaria. The International Biathlon Union or the IBU is the governing body of the sport at the international level.
Biathlon was included in the Olympic schedule at the 1960 Squaw Valley Winter Games. At the 1960 Games, the only biathlon event contested was the men's 20 kilometer individual event. With the growth of the Games, the number of events has also increased. Women started competing in the biathlon events at the 1992 Albertville Winter Olympics. Currently ten events are contested during the biathlon competition at the Winter Games.
Bobsleigh is a winter sport. The origin of the sport can be traced back to the nineteenth century Switzerland. The aim of the sport is to race down a narrow, twisting, iced track in a sleigh, which moves only by gravity-power. In the United States of America and Canada, bobsleigh is also known as "bobsled". Initially, the races were held on the roads covered with snow. The Federation Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing or the FIBT governs the sport at the international level.
It was one of the sports contested at the 1924 Chamonix Winter Games. The only event contested at the first appearance was a four-man event. At the 1928 Games, the event was a five-man event. The sport was dropped from the Olympic schedule at the 1960 Squaw Valley Games. After the 1932 Winter Olympics, men started competing in two events. Bobsleigh was included in the women's program at the 2002 Salt Lake City Winter Olympics.
Cross-country skiing is one of the most popular sports in many countries with large snow fields, mainly in Northern Europe and Canada. It has been highly popularized in the United States of America. This form of skiing is also known as "XC skiing". The event belongs to the Nordic skiing sport family. The event developed in Norway, where skiing was practiced as a means of transport during the winter season. It involves mainly three styles-classic, skating and tele-marking. There is yet another style, which is becoming more and more popular among the skiers, is known as "skijoring". The event is governed by the Federation Internationale de Ski or the FIS at the international level.
Cross-country skiing event was introduced to the men's skiing program at the 1924 Chamonix Winter Games. Women started participating in the event at the 1952 Oslo Winter Olympics.
Curling is a team sport, which is contested in various countries of the temperate zone. It evolved in Scotland in the 16th century. Curling is played on a rectangular sheet of ice, specially prepared for the purpose. Earlier it was played on frozen ponds, lochs and marshes. . Two teams of four players each contest in the curling competition. The aim of the sport is to slide a finely polished granite stones down the ice towards a target, known as "house". Curling involves intricate strategies and precision. For this reason, the sport is often referred as the "chess on ice". The World Curling Federation or the WCF governs the sport at the international level.
Curling was in the Olympic schedule at the 1924 Chamonix Winter Games. During the 1932, 1988 and 1992 Winter Olympics, the sport was held as a demonstration event. After the 1998 Nagano Winter Games, curling has become a regular event at the Winter Games.
The events contested at the Winter Olympics are--Men's Tournament and Women's Tournament.
Figure skating is a discipline of skating, where skaters perform in singles, couples or in group on the ice. All the figure skating performances are accompanied by music. The figure skating programs include a number of jumps, spins, steps and turns. Figure skating is often referred to as "artistic skating". During the 1880s, skaters started contesting in the sport. Now, the figure skating competitions are held in multiple levels-from novice to the international level. The International Skating Union or the ISU is the international governing body of figure skating.
Figure skating was contested during the 1908 London Olympics and the 1920 Antwerp Summer Olympics. The sport became a part of the Winter Olympic skating program at the 1924 Chamonix Winter Olympics. After the 1924 Games, the figure skating has been contested at every Winter Olympics.
Freestyle skiing is a popular skiing discipline which developed during the late twentieth century in America. Freestyle skiing is also popularly referred to as "hot-dogging". The event combines alpine skiing and acrobatics. The event has much similarity with ballet. In this form of skiing, skiers have to perform aerial exercises at the time of skiing downhill. The organization, which is authorized to govern the sport at the international level, is the Federation Internationale de Ski or the FIS.
Freestyle skiing appeared at the Winter Olympic schedule as a demonstration sport at the 1988 Calgary Games. The mogul freestyle skiing event got the status of a full medal sport during the 1992 Albertville Winter Olympics.
Ice hockey is one of the popular team sports which is played on ice. The old French word "hocquet" is the origin of the word "hockey". In French, the meaning of "hocquet" is "stick". The sport is said to have been developed during the 16th century. Ice hockey is popularly known by the name of hockey in Canada, the United States of America and Russia. The sport is immensely popular in the snowy mountain regions of Canada and Finland. Ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada. In North America, ice hockey is played at the professional level. The International Ice Hockey Federation or the IIHF is the international governing body of the sport.
Ice hockey was introduced to the Olympic program at the 1920 Antwerp Summer Games. The sport became a part of the Winter Olympics at the 1924 Chamonix Winter Olympics. Till the 1994 Lillehammer Games, only men contested at the Olympic ice hockey competition. The event was included in the women's schedule at the 1998 Nagano Winter Olympics.
The events contested at the 2010 Winter Olympics are- Men's Tournament and Women's Tournament.
It was included in the men's and women's Olympic program at the 1964 Innsbruck Games. There was also a mixed doubles event. However, the doubles team generally consisted of two men. Currently the events held at the Luge competitions are- Men's Singles,Women's Singles,Doubles.
Nordic combined Skiing is a skiing discipline which has become popular in many countries all over the world. The origin of the event can be traced back to the eighteenth century Norway. Nordic combined event combines cross-country skiing and ski jumping. The Federation Internationale de Ski or the FIS is authorized to govern this skiing discipline at the international level.
It appeared at the Olympic schedule at the 1924 Chamonix Winter Games. The only event contested at the1924 Games was the individual event.
Short track speed skating is a discipline of ice skating which is contested at the international skating competitions. It is an indoor skating event. The event emerged form the internationally popular event, speed skating during the nineteenth century. Short track speed skating has much similarity with speed skating. The short track speed skating events are generally held on an oval ice track. The International Skating Union or the ISU governs the sport event at the international level.
It was introduced to the Winter Olympics program at the 1988 Calgary Olympics. The event got the status of a full medal sport at the 1992 Albertville Winter Games.
Skeleton is a discipline of bobsleigh .Skeleton is often considered to be one of the oldest sliding sports, which evolved in the snowy mountains of Switzerland. In skeleton, participants have to drive a one-person sleigh in a prone. The sleigh used in the event was a stripped-down sleigh. The sleigh was in reality a bare frame, which had similarity with a skeleton. From this structure of the sleigh, the event has been named "skeleton". The Federation Internationale de Bobsleigh et Tobogganing or the FIBT is authorized to supervise the sport at international level.
Before the 2002 Salt Lake City Winter Games, skeleton was included in the schedule only twice at the 1928 and the 1948 Games. Since the 2002 Games, the event has been held regularly at the Olympics. The sport is contested in a single day.Currently the events included in the skeleton program are--Men's individual event,Women's individual event.
Ski jumping is a discipline of skiing, which is contested at the international skiing competitions. The event developed in the late nineteenth century Norway. The event has developed with the passing time since its advent as a sport. The aim of ski jumping is to jump as far as possible and then to ski down a hill-slope. The skiers use long, wide skis during this event. Various jumping techniques are also acquired by the skiers to travel more distance than others. Generally ski jumping is held on natural snow. However, the event can also be staged on artificial surfaces. The sport is governed by the Federation Internationale de Ski or the FIS at the international level.
It was included in the Olympic schedule at the 1924 Chamonix Winter Games. Men's individual large hill was the only event contested at the 1924 Games.
Snowboarding, a board based sport is a discipline of skiing .Snowboarding, the newest of the skiing disciplines, was developed in the United States during the late twentieth century. This popular sport has evolved from "snow surfing". Snowboarding technique combines techniques used in surfing, skiing and skateboarding. The aim of snowboarding is to descend down a snow-covered mountain slope, while attached to a narrow board. In the initial days, the snowboards were also known as "snurfers". The Federation Internationale de Ski or the FIS is authorized to govern snowboarding at the international level.
Snowboarding made its appearance in both the men's and women's skiing program during the 1998 Nagano Winter Games. The events, which were contested on the first occasion, were giant slalom and half pipe events for men and women. Later the giant slalom event was replaced by the parallel giant slalom.
Speed skating is a skating discipline, which is held during the international skating competitions. The origin of speed skating dates back to the thirteenth century Holland, where people practiced skating for crossing the frozen water bodies. However, the speed skating competition was held for the first time during the seventeenth century. The first official speed skating competition was held in the nineteenth century. The sport is governed by the International Skating Union or the ISU at the international level.
Speed skating was included in the men's skating schedule at the 1924 Chamonix Winter Games. The sport was introduced to the women's program at the 1960 Squaw Valley Winter Olympics.
The olympic speed skating competition events are in two categories : Men's and Ladies' with the distance being 500m, 1000m, 1500m, 3000m, 5000m, 10000m. There is also a Men's Team Pursuit and Women's Team Pursuit.