The Olympics Games is an international multi-sport event that is subdivided into summer and winter Olympic events. Both the summer and winter games are held every 4 years. The current Olympics program includes 35 sports and nearly 400 events. The Summer Olympics includes 28 sports with 38 disciplines and the Winter Olympics includes 7 sports with 15 disciplines.
The main olympic events are archery, badminton, baseball, basketball, beach volleyball, boxing, cycling, diving, equestrian, fencing, field hockey, gymnastics, judo, mountain biking, rowing, sailing, shooting, soccer, softball, swimming, synchronized swimming, table tennis, tennis, track and field, volleyball, water polo, weightlifting and wrestling.
Archery is the practice of shooting arrows with the help of a bow .It has become a precision sports event which involves shooting a target by means of a bow and arrows. In archery, scores are given on the basis of nearness of the shot to the centre of the target. After adding the individual scores, the archer with the highest score is declared the winner. Archery at the international level is administrated by the International Archery Federation.
Athletics is also known as track and field or track and field athletics. This is a collection of sports events like running, throwing and jumping. The name “ athletics ” has been derived from “ athlon ”, the Greek word. In Greek, “ athlon ” means " contest ". In some languages, running, throwing and jumping are referred to as “ light athletics ” to differentiate them from weight lifting, wrestling, which are categorized as " heavy athletics ". Athletics was the original event at the first Summer Games which took place in 776 B.C. The only event held in that Summer Games was the stadium-length foot race or " stade ".
Badminton is a racquet sport where a shuttlecock made of feathers is used as the projectile. Badminton is an indoor game. Contemporary badminton first appeared in the middle of the19th century . Badminton is played by either two opposing players or two opposing pairs . Badminton has been categorized on the basis of the number of players involved in the game. When two players play badminton , the match is called “ singles ”. When two pairs of players play opposite to each other, the match is called “ doubles ”. The rectangular court for badminton is divided into two halves by a net. Players or pairs take positions on the opposite sides of the net. The International Badminton Federation or the IBF is the governing body of international badminton.
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players each try to score by throwing a ball through a hoop. Competitive basketball is always an indoor sport , played on a basketball court under strict regulations.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) and the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) are the two governing bodies of basketball at international level.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game, in which a hard, fist sized ball is thrown by the pitcher towards the hitting area of a batter. The batter attempts to hit the ball with a cylindrical shaped bat made from wood or metal. The origin of the game, baseball is considered to be a bat-and-ball game called "rounders". It is the national game of the USA.
In the baseball game, a team can score only at the time of batting. During batting, the batters have to run counter clockwise on the field passing four markers set on the ground. The markers are called "bases". These bases are arranged at the corners of a diamond. The distance between two bases can be measured to be 90 feet.
The rules are set by the Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and the NCAA.
Beach volleyball is a popular variation of the sport event, volleyball. Unlike the indoor volleyball, beach volleyball is played on sand courts. The number of players in the beach volleyball team is two. The Federation Internationale de Volleyball or the FIVB is the international governing body of beach volleyball.Beach volleyball is played on beaches around the world. This is an outdoor game played on sand . Players usually play beach volleyball barefoot .
Track cycling is a discipline included in the cycling event at the international competitions. Track cycling is contested at the banked tracks, which are specially built for the event. The tracks built for track cycling is known as "velodromes".
The Union Cyclist Internationale or the UCI is the governing body of the sport at international
Six cycling events were held at the 1896 Athens Summer Games. Since then, cycling is a regular event contested at the Summer Games.
Cycling (BMX) at Olympics is one of the most adventurous cycling events of the world.
A maximum entry of 48 competitors is allowed by International Olympic Committee (IOC) in the event of Cycling (BMX) in 2008 Beijing Summer Games. Of the 48, the maximum women entry can be 16 while the male entry can be 32.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two participants of same weight fight each other with their fists. The fighter, who scores the maximum after the completion of the rounds, is declared the winner. Victory may also be achieved through the knock out of the opponent in the fight. Boxing is also known as Western Boxing, prizefighting or the sweet science.
Olympics boxing competition will be an all-male competition. The events included in the boxing program will be light flyweight, flyweight, bantamweight, featherweight, lightweight, light welterweight, middleweight, light heavyweight, heavyweight and super heavyweight.
The World Boxing Association (WBA), the World Boxing Council (WBC), the International Boxing Federation (IBF), World Boxing Organization (WBO) and the International Boxing Organization (IBO) are the governing bodies of the international boxing. Women's International Boxing Federation (WIBF) is the organization, which governs the field of women's boxing at the international level.
Cycling is a sport which involves riding bicycles, unicycles, tricycles and other human powered vehicles. The cycling as a sport is governed by the Union Cyclist Internationale in Switzerland and by the International Human Powered Vehicle Association.
Cycling was included in the schedule of the Summer Games in the 1896 Summer Games. Since then, cycling has been a regular event in the Olympics' program.
Diving is a discipline of Aquatics. Diving refers to jumping or falling into water acrobatically. This is an internationally recognized sport.
Diving generally consist of three disciplines : One meter, three meters and tower . The tower is also called platform . Each dive is judged on the basis of its approach, takeoff, elevation, execution, and entry into the water . The score in diving ranges from 0 to 10 . A perfect entry, with no splash, is called a “ rip ”.
Equestrian is the "expertise to drive or ride a horse". Equestrian consists of three disciplines — jumping , dressage and eventing . Eventing is a three-day event , which was restricted to military officers in the past. The other two disciplines of equestrian were open to civilians.
Currently, the disciplines of equestrian included in the Olympics are dressage , the three - day event and stadium jumping . In each discipline, both individual and team medals are competed for. Equestrian is the only sport in the Summer Games where men and women participate together .
The sport is governed by the International Federation for Equestrian Sports or the FEI.
Fencing is the art of armed combat fought with swords , knives , pikes , bayonets , clubs. In the present day, fencing mainly refers to the European school of swordsmanship and the sport evolved from them.
Fencing was included in the Olympics' schedule in the 1896 Summer Games in Athens . Since then, the sport has been a regular part of the Olympics program. Three types of fencing weapons used at the Summer Games are the foil , epee and sabre . The three disciplines of fencing are named after the types of weapons used for the games. In all the three disciplines, individual and team competitions are held.
The Federation Internationale d'Escrime or the FIE is authorized to govern the sport at international level.
Gymnastics is a sport developed from fitness and beauty practices used by ancient Greeks . The sport involves a series of movements like handsprings, handstands and forward rolls .
These disciplines are artistic gymnastics, house gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics, sports aerobics, sports acrobatics, trampolining, general gymnastics and power tumbling .
Gymnastics was introduced to the Summer Games in 1896 Summer Olympics . Women's events were included in the program in 1928 Amsterdam Summer Games .
Trampoline gymnastics is a part of the gymnastics schedule at the international level. In the event, gymnasts perform acrobatic movements jumping on a trampoline. The gymnastics event at the international level is governed by the Federation Internationale de Gymnastique or the FIG.
Trampoline gymnastics fro both men and women were introduced to the Olympic schedule during the 2000 Sydney Summer Games.
Hockey is the oldest sport played with a ball and a stick. In hockey, two teams play against each other, trying to get hold of a ball or a hard round disc called puck. The aim of the hockey match is to drive the ball into the opponent's goal. Field hockey is the most dominant version of the sport. Field hockey is generally referred to as "hockey".
Field hockey is governed by the International Hockey Federation or the FIH. The International Federation of Women's Hockey Associations or the IFWHA is the governing body of field hockey for women at the international level.
Taekwondo is a martial art form which originated in Korea . This is a combination of Chinese, Japanese and traditional Korean fighting styles . Taekwondo , the most practiced martial art in the world, is also the national sport of Korea . Taekwondo combines combat technique , self-defense , sport , exercise , entertainment , and philosophy .
The most important organizations are the International Taekwondo Federation or the ITF, the International Taekwondo Alliance or the ITA and the World Taekwondo Federation or the WTF.
Tennis is a racquet game involving two players or two teams of two players . A two players' tennis match is known as singles and a tennis match between two teams of two players is known as doubles . In tennis , a stringed racquet is used by the players to hit a ball . The ball used in the sport is a hollow rubber ball covered with felt .
Olympic tennis competition is held in a single knockout round . Men and women compete in four events in the Olympic tennis . Men and women compete in singles and doubles matches each.
The International Tennis Federation or the ITF is the international governing body for the sport. The other organizations having governing power are the Association of Tennis Professional or the ATP and the Women's Tennis Association or the WTA.
Triathlon is an athletic event consisting three contests . Triathlon is a combination of swimming , cycling and running.
Triathlon is an endurance sport event. The athletes have to preserve their energy for the next stage, to excel in the competition. They are also needed to be expert in all the three events contested during the competition. The International Triathlon Union or the ITU is the international governing body for the event.
Volleyball is a sport involving two teams separated by a high net. In volleyball , players hit the ball with their hands , arms or sometimes with other parts of their bodies. There are six players in a volleyball team . Each team is allowed to hit thrice to get the ball over the net. Volleyball is a very active game , which helps in the improvement of the players' hand-eye coordination.
Weightlifting is a strength sport event. The aim of weightlifting is to lift heavy weights attached to steel bars. The sport is governed by the International Weightlifting Federation or the IWF at the international level. Weightlifting skill is a combination of power and technique.
Weightlifters contest at two variations- "clean and jerk" and "snatch".
Wrestling is a combat sport.Wrestling is played between two players. The aim of wrestling is to fight each other without any arm. To win a wrestling match, a wrestler has to pin his or her opponent down on the ground. Wrestling technique consists of speed, strength and conditioning.
The International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles or the FILA is the international governing body of wrestling.
The two wrestling styles contested at the Olympics are-Greco-Roman wrestling and freestyle wrestling.
Water polo is a water sport which combines swimming, football or soccer, rugby, basketball, ice hockey and wrestling. Water polo is a team sport.
The water polo team in the present day consists of seven players, including six players and one goalkeeper. The ball used in water polo is of the same size as the soccer ball.
Water polo was introduced in the Olympics schedule at the 1900 Paris Summer Games. Women's water polo was included in the schedule in the 2000 Sydney Summer Games.
The Federation Internationale de Natation Amateur or FINA is the head of the international water polo competitions.
Canoeing is a sport event, where a canoe or kayak is paddled using only human muscle power. In modern canoeing sport, both canoes and kayaks may be closed-decked. The International Canoe Federation (ICF) is the governing body of canoeing at the international level.
Flat-water canoeing was held as a demonstration sport at the 1924 Paris Summer Games. The event got the status of a full medal sport in the 1936 Berlin Olympics.
Football is the most popular sport in the world. The game is also known as "association football" or "soccer". Football is a ball game, which is played between two teams of eleven players each.The object of the game is to score by directing the ball into the opponent goal. The team which scores the most goals by the end of the match is the winner.
The International Football Association Board or the IFAB and the Federation Internationale de Football Association or the FIFA are the governing body of the international football.
Men's football tournament has been held at the Olympics since the 1900 Paris Summer Games. Women started contesting in the Olympic football competition in the 1996 Atlanta Summer Games.
Handball is a team sport contested at international level. The aim of the game is to pass and bounce a ball into the opponent goal.There are six players and a goal keeper in a handball team .
The International Handball Federation or the IHF is the governing body for the sport at the international level.
Men's handball competition was included in the Olympic schedule at the 1936 Berlin Summer Games. Handball for women was introduced to the Olympics in the 1976 Montreal Olympics.
Two gold medals will be given away in the Olympic handball event , one each for the men's and women's competitions .
Volleyball is a team sport, which involves two teams. The teams are separated by a high net set at the middle of the volleyball court. A volleyball team consists of six players. The aim of the sport is to pass the ball by hitting it with hand, arm or sometimes with other parts of body. Each team can hit the ball over the net for three times. Volleyball is a very dynamic sport event. The sport is governed by the Federation Internationale de Volleyball or the FIVB at the international level.
Judo is a martial art and an extreme combat sport. In Japanese, the meaning of "judo" is "the gentle way". Judo was founded in Japan in 1882 by Dr. Jigoro Kano. The sport is a successor of jujutsu. Judo is one of the main forms of wrestling contested at international level. The competitors in a judo competition are called "judoka".
The organization, which governs the sport at international level, is the International Judo Federation or the IJF.
The sport event consists of five disciplines. For this reason, the name of the event is "pentathlon". Pierre de Coubertin was the pioneer of the modern pentathlon. The event is contested at the international track and field competitions. The disciplines contested in the modern pentathlon event are- shooting,Fencing,Swimming,Riding,Running.
Modern pentathlon at the international level is governed by the Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne or the UIPM.
Mountain biking is a sport discipline included in the cycling event. The vehicles used during the event are mountain bikes.The sport event is governed by the Union Cyclist Internationale or the UCI. Mountain biking was included in the Olympic schedule at the 1996 Atlanta Summer Games.
Rhythmic gymnastics is a discipline included in the gymnastics program at the international competitions. Rhythmic gymnastics is a combination of athletics and ballet. Then the event was called "modern gymnastics". The event is generally contested by only women.
Rhythmic gymnastics is contested with apparatus. The programs are performed accompanied by music. The Federation Internationale de Gymnastique or the FIG is authorized to govern the sport discipline at the international level.
Road cycling is the most popular discipline among those included in the cycling event. The Union Cyclist Internationale or the UCI is the governing body of the event at the international level.
Men's road cycling event was included in the very first modern Olympics at the 1896 Athens Games. At present, men and women both contest in the individual road race and individual time trial events.
Rowing is a water sport. It is a speed and endurance sport, which involves rowing in narrow boats. The boats used in the rowing competition are called "shells" or "fine boats". The athlete sits on a sliding seat with face backwards and uses oars to move the boat. The two most common forms of rowing are sweep-oar rowing and sculling. In sweep-oar rowing, rowers hold one oar each with both hands. In sculling, each rower has two oars, one in each hand.
The Federation Internationale des Societes d'Aviron or the FISA is the governing body fro rowing at the international level.
Rowing was introduced to the Olympic schedule at the 1900 Paris Summer Games. Women's rowing events were included in the Olympic rowing program in the 1976 Montreal Summer Games. At the current Olympics, 14 events are held in the rowing competition.
sailing is a water sport. The aim of sailing is to control a moving sailing ship or a sail boat. The boats, which are used during sailing, move forward by the power of wind. The force of wind on the sails make the boats propel.
At the international level, sailing is governed by the International Sailing Federation or the ISAF.
Sailing was introduced to the Olympic schedule in the 1900 Paris Summer Games. The event has been held regularly at the Olympics. The format of the sailing competition at the Olympics is the fleet racing format.
Shooting is the act of firing a gun. The shooters' shooting skill and speed are tested during the competitions. The International Shooting Sport Federation or the ISSF is the international governing body of shooting.
Shooting was included in the Olympic program at the 1896 Athens Summer Games. The event has always been a regular part of the schedule since the 1896 Games. The shooting disciplines held during the Olympic competition are shotgun, rifle, pistol and running target events.
Canoeing is a water sport event. In the event, a canoe or kayak is paddled using only human muscle power.
The International Canoe Federation (ICF) is authorized to govern the sport of canoeing at the international level.
The slalom canoeing event for both men and women were included in the Olympic schedule at the 1972 Munich Summer Games. The events have been held regularly at the Olympics since the 1992 Barcelona Olympics.
The sport is considered to be the direct successor of baseball. Softball is a team sport in which, a ball is thrown by the pitcher towards the hitting area of a batter. The batter's aim is to hit the ball with a bat. The bat used in the sport is a smooth round stick. Generally the bat is made from metal or wood. A team accumulates scores at the time of batting. The batter has to run touching a series of three markers set at the corners of a diamond to make scores. The markers are called "bases". At the end of the run, the batter also has to touch the final marker called "home plate". The International Softball Federation or the ISF is authorized to govern the sport at the international level.
Softball is contested by only women at the Summer Games. The sport was included in the program at the 1996 Atlanta Summer Games.
Swimming is a technique used to move through water using only movements of the body.
This sport has been a regular event and the centre of attraction in the Summer Games. In the early Summer Games, events were conducted only in breaststroke or freestyle. Backstroke was included in the schedule in 1904 Summer Games. Then butterfly stroke was introduced in the swimming events. Women's swimming started in 1912 Olympics; since then men and women have been competing in the Summer Games in almost identical program.
Swimming can be categorized according to the strokes applied for swimming. According to the strokes, swimming can be of four types-Freestyle,Butterfly,Backstroke,Breaststroke.
It is the combination of swimming, gymnastics and ballet. The sport was known as "water ballet". The Federation Internationale de Natation Amateur or FINA is the administrator of Synchronized Swimming at the international stage.
The competition was open to only women. The synchronized swimming competition in the Olympic is divided in four categories---Solo,Duets,Teams,Free combination
It is one of the most popular racquet sports in the world.Table tennis is known by many different names like "ping pong", "gossima", "whiff-whaff" and "flim-flam".In the table tennis matches, two or four players can participate. The aim of the sport is to strike a ball with a racket from one side to the other side of the table.
The International Table Tennis Federation or the ITTF is the governing body of table tennis at the international level.Table tennis for both men and women were included in the Olympic program at the 1988 Seoul Summer Games.