The Olympic Movement: The term Olympic Movement means to include everybody and everything involved in the Summer Games - national sport governing bodies, athletes, media, and sponsors of the Summer Games. The Summer Games involve a number of organizations. The main aim of these organizations is to organize Summer Games. All these organizations are collectively known as the Olympic Movement .
Goal of the Olympic Movement: Olympic Movement was established by Pierre de Coubertin . This French man wanted to revive the Summer Games to build a peaceful and better world by educating youth through sports. Coubertin wanted to create an opportunity when the sports could be practiced without any discrimination. He wanted to spread the Olympic spirit all over the world - the spirit of mutual understanding and the spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play . This was and has been the goal of the Olympic Movement .
Essential missions of the Olympic Movement are - Choice of the host city - The head of the Olympic Movement , International Olympic Committee (IOC) is responsible to choose a host city for the Summer Games . The host city is selected through an election procedure seven years prior to the Olympics . The election is held in a country which does not have a candidate city as the host of the Games.
Organization of the Summer Games - The Summer Games consist both the Summer Games and the Olympic Winter Games . Both these games take place every four years. The Summer Games are the exclusive property of the Olympic Movement . The IOC owns all rights relating to the Summer Games --the rights relating to their organization, exploitation, broadcasting and reproduction . The IOC is the final authority to decide anything concerning the Summer Games . All profits derived from the Summer Games are used for the development of the Olympic Movement and of sport.
Promotion of women in sport - The first objective of the Olympic Movement has always been to promote Olympism and develop sport worldwide. The IOC , as the head of the Olympic Movement , has always played a key role to promote women's participation in sport at all levels. The increasing number of women athletes in the Olympics is the result of the cooperation of the entire Olympic Movement and of the measures taken by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), International Federations (IFs) and National Olympic Committees (NOCs).
Protection of athletes - Protection of the athletes is one of the main priorities of the Olympic Movement . To ensure the protection of the athletes, The IOC has taken various measures - creation of the IOC Athletes' Commission, IOC Medical Commission, Court Arbitration for Sport (CAS), World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and World Olympians Association (WOA). Not only this, the IOC has made it sure that the host cities of the Summer Games must take necessary measures of environmental protection during the games.
Development through sport - According to Jacques Rogge, IOC President , "More than ever, sport is a universal language and plays the role of catalyst in today's society as a means of improving quality of life and well-being." Sport, through its educational values and worldwide network, can play a major role in making a more prosperous and peaceful society. Through sports development , wider human development goals can be achieved.
Promotion of sustainable development - To develop the sport and environment agenda, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has established a policy to provide greater resources to sustainable development in and through sport at all levels, and particularly at the Summer Games . Based on the principles mentioned in the Olympic Charter this policy has two main objectives - to promote Summer Games and to promote awareness of the importance of a healthy environment and sustainable development among the members of the Olympic family as well as the sports practitioners in general.
Respect for the Olympic Truce - The tradition of the Olympic Truce began in Ancient Greece long back in the 9th century BC . The International Olympic Committee (IOC) , as the supreme authority, decided to revive this ancient concept to protect the interests of sport and the athletes in general. The International Olympic Truce Foundation (IOTF) was created in 2000 , with a mission to promoting peace through sport and the Olympic ideal.
Promotion of Culture and Olympic Education - The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has also established a policy for the development of the culture and Olympic education agenda. This policy has two main objectives - to develop the link between culture and sport , encouraging cultural exchange and to promote Olympic education and support other institutions which promote the values of Olympism.