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Athletic Events



Athletic Events were an integral part of the sport competitions held in the classical days. Some of the competitions of those days were the Pythian Games, the Nemean Games and the Isthmian Games, which were all the Pan-Hellenic Games. There were also the Roman Games. Athletics was also the main event in the first Summer Games.

However, in the Roman Games, sports like chariot racing, wrestling and later on the gladiatorial combat commanded a greater fan following as compared to the athletics. The athletics were of course a part of combat training. In Europe, various athletic events became popular from those early days. The sports became popular in Britain during the period between thirteenth and sixteenth century. Now there are many international events, where the track and field athletics is a major attraction. The field of international track and field athletics is governed by International Association of Athletics Federations or IAAF.

Track And Field Events in Athletics: Track and field athletics is a collection of three sports disciplines. These disciplines are running, throwing and jumping. The origin of the name, "athletics" is the Greek word, "athlon". In Greek, the meaning of "athlon" is "contest". In some languages, track and field athletics are referred to as "light athletics" to differentiate them from the "heavy athletics". The sport events included in the "heavy athletics" are weight lifting and wrestling. The track and field athletics is more of a direct manifestation of the Olympic motto, "Citius, Altius, Fortius", which means "faster, higher, stronger".

In the present time, modern track and field athletics are generally held on a running track of 400 meters length. The track events or the running events take place on the track. The field enclosed within the track is used for staging the field events like jumping, vaulting and throwing. The athletics competitions for men and women are held separately. The distance of the sprint events are generally the same for men and women. However, the barriers in the hurdle and steeplechase events are lowered for women. The weight of the shot, javelin, hammer and discus are also less in women's competition. The track and field events are held in two different seasons.

Indoor Season - The indoor sports events are held during winter. The length of the indoor track varies from 145 meter to northamerica_unitedstates meter. However, the standard length of an indoor track is 200 meter consisting of six lanes. The indoor events in athletics are generally the same as the events held on the outdoor track except a few minor variations. The length of some sprint events and hurdle races are reduced in the indoor track. Among the field events, the javelin, hammer and discus throwing events are excluded from the indoor program. The field events held in the indoor season are the long jump, high jump, triple jump, pole vault and shot put. The northamerica_unitedstates meter, 600 meter, 1000 meter sprint, 35 pound weight throw, pentathlon, heptathlon, standing long jump and standing high jump are some of the other events in the indoor competition.

Outdoor Season - The outdoor season is run during spring and summer seasons. The oval shaped outdoor track is generally of 400 meter length. The number of lanes in the outdoor track varies between six and ten. Bigger tracks also include a steeplechase lane with water pit. The field inside the track is often referred to as the infield. The field events are held in the infield. In some tracks, the infield is made of Field Turf or Astro Turf. The field events include the high jump, long jump, triple jump, pole vault, javelin, hammer and discus throws and shot put. However, in the stadiums with the play field inside the tracks, javelin, hammer and discus throwing events are staged outside the stadium.

Track And Field Athletics in Summer Olympics: Athletics was the main event at the first Summer Games which took place in 776 B.C. The only event included in the schedule of the 776 B.C. Summer Games was the "stade", a foot race which was run the length of the stadium. Athletics sports events have been a part of the Modern Olympic program since the 1896 Athens Summer Games, the first modern Olympics. However, women were not allowed to compete in the track and field events in athletics until the 1928 Amsterdam Summer Games. The Olympic track and field events can be divided into four categories. The categories are -

Track events - The track events include sprints, middle distance running and long distance running of different lengths. There are also obstacle events, including the hurdle races, relays and steeplechase events.

Field events - The field events of athletics will include long jump, triple jump, high jump, pole vault, shot put, the javelin, discus, and hammer throw for both men and women.

Combined events - The combined events include the decathlon for men and the heptathlon for women.

Road events - The marathon and long distance walking events are included in the road events.

There are also some track and field athletic events in athletics which are either obsolete or are not competed regularly. These events are -

Record holders in Track And Field Athletics: A number of athletes from all over the world have created Olympic records in the sporting disciplines of track and field athletics.

Some athletes who hold Olympic records in various track events are Donovan Bailey, Michael Johnson, Vebjorn Rodal, Noah Ngeny, Said Aouita, Kenenisa Bekele, Xiang Liu, Kevin Young, Julius Kariuki, Florence Griffith Joyner, Marie-Jose Perec, Nadezhda Olizarenko, Paula Ivan, Gabriela Szabo, Derartu Tulu, Joanna Hayes, Fani Halkia, Asafa Powell, Wilson Kipketer, Hicham El Guerrouj, Daniel Komen, Carl Lewis, Marita Koch, Jarmila Kratpchvilova, Svetlana Masterkova, Qu Yunxia, Wang Junxia, Tegla Loroupe, Yordanka Donkova and Yuliya Pechonkina.

In the field events, the Olympic record holders are Charles Austin, Bob Beamon, Tim Mack, Kenny Harrison, Ulf Timmermann, Virgilijus Alekna, Sergey Litvinov, Jan Zelezny, Roman Sebrle, Yelana Slesarenko, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, Yelena Isinbayeva, Inessa Kravets, Ilona Slupianek, Martina Hellmann, Olga Kuzenkova, Osleidys Menendez, Javier Sotomayor, Sergei Bubka, Mike Powell, Jonathan Edwards, Randy Barnes, Jurgen Schult, Galina Chistyakova, Stefka Kostadinova, Inessa Kravets, Natalya Lisovskaya, Gabriele Reinsch and Heike Drechsler.

Jackie Joyner-Kersee, Austra Skujyte, Irina Belova, Roman Sebrle, Dan O'Brien are the Olympic record holders in the combined events.

Carlos Lopes, Naoko Takahashi, Haile Gebrselassie, Robert Korzeniowski, Vyacheslav Ivanenko, Liping Wang, Jefferson Perez, Maurizio Damilano, Thierry Toutain, Robert Korzeniowski, Tegla Loroupe, Paula Radcliffe, Olimpiada Ivanova and Tatyana Lebedeva are the Olympic record holders in the road events, which include the marathon and long distance walking events.

Track events
Field events
Road events
Combined events

There are also some track and field athletic events which are either obsolete or are not competed regularly. These events are -

Obsolete Track and Field athletic events

Record holders in Track And Field Athletics: The track and field athletics has been contested in the major international competitions all over world. Many records have been made in various events included in the track and field athletics program. Many athletes have excelled in their fields in the long history of the track and field athletics.

Some athletes who hold records in various track events are Donovan Bailey, Michael Johnson, Vebjorn Rodal, Noah Ngeny, Said Aouita, Kenenisa Bekele, Xiang Liu, Kevin Young, Julius Kariuki, Florence Griffith Joyner, Marie-Jose Perec, Nadezhda Olizarenko, Paula Ivan, Gabriela Szabo, Derartu Tulu, Joanna Hayes, Fani Halkia, Asafa Powell, Wilson Kipketer, Hicham El Guerrouj, Daniel Komen, Carl Lewis, Marita Koch, Jarmila Kratpchvilova, Svetlana Masterkova, Qu Yunxia, Wang Junxia, Tegla Loroupe, Yordanka Donkova and Yuliya Pechonkina.

In the field events, the record holders are Charles Austin, Bob Beamon, Tim Mack, Kenny Harrison, Ulf Timmermann, Virgilijus Alekna, Sergey Litvinov, Jan Zelezny, Roman Sebrle, Yelana Slesarenko, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, Yelena Isinbayeva, Inessa Kravets, Ilona Slupianek, Martina Hellmann, Olga Kuzenkova, Osleidys Menendez, Javier Sotomayor, Sergei Bubka, Mike Powell, Jonathan Edwards, Randy Barnes, Jurgen Schult, Galina Chistyakova, Stefka Kostadinova, Inessa Kravets, Natalya Lisovskaya, Gabriele Reinsch and Heike Drechsler.

Jackie Joyner-Kersee, Austra Skujyte, Irina Belova, Roman Sebrle, Dan O'Brien are the record holders in the combined events.

Carlos Lopes, Naoko Takahashi, Haile Gebrselassie, Robert Korzeniowski, Vyacheslav Ivanenko, Liping Wang, Jefferson Pérez, Maurizio Damilano, Thierry Toutain, Robert Korzeniowski, Tegla Loroupe, Paula Radcliffe, Olimpiada Ivanova and Tatyana Lebedeva are the record holders in the road events, which include the marathon and long distance walking events.



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