The Winter Olympics are a celebration of winter sports around the world. The Winter Olympics are held every four years in a venue known for its competitive winter sports facilities. The first winter Olympics were held in 1924 in Chamonix, France. They were held every four years thereafter with a break between 1936 and 1948 for the Second World War. From then on both the Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics were held in the same year till 1992. In 1986 the International Olympic Committee (IOC) decided to hold the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics in different four-year cycles, thus these festivals of sport now occur two years apart.
The various sporting events at the Winter Olympic Games are: Alpine skiing, Biathlon, Bobsled, Cross-country skiing, Curling, Figure skating, Freestyle skiing, Ice hockey, Luge, Nordic combined, Short track speed skating, Skeleton, Ski jumping, Snowboarding, and Speed skating.
The Winter Olympics because of the nature of the sports involved and their requirements, have always been held in countries in the northern hemisphere so far, they have yet to be be held in the southern hemisphere. The US has been the host country four times, while France has hosted the games thrice. Austria, Canada, Japan, Italy, Norway and Switzerland have each hosted the Games on two occasions.
The next event, i.e. The XXII Winter Olympic Games will be held at Sochi, Russia from 7–23 February 2014, while the following event, i.e. the XXIII Winter Olympic Games will be held in Pyeongchang, South Korea in 2018.
Summer Olympics is regarded as the largest international multi-sport event.
There are two types of olympic games:
- Summer Olympics
- Winter Olympics
The Olympics began long back in 776 BC . The games were originally held in Olympia in Greece . In 1896 , the Summer Games were revived by Pierre Fredy, Baron de Coubertin as he campaigned for the revival of the summer games as an international event, a way to bring the nations close together to compete in sports. The second Summer Olympics in 1900 was the first one in which the participation of women players were granted officially. Eleven women were allowed to compete in lawn tennis and golf.
Summer Olympics Events :
At first, the only event in the Summer Games was a 200-yard dash, called a stadium . Then, in 724 BC a two-stadia race was added. The 24-stadia event began two years later, and the pentathlon and wrestling became part of the games in 708 . This pentathlon was a five-event match consisting running, wrestling, leaping, throwing the discus, and hurling the javelin . Later on, boxing, a chariot race , and other events were included in the schedule of Summer Games.
These events are organised by the International Olympic Committee (IOL). The Olympics program includes 35 sports and nearly 400 events. The Summer Olympics includes 28 sports with 38 disciplines and the Winter Olympics includes 7 sports with 15 disciplines.
The Summer Olympic sports are archery, badminton, baseball, basketball, beach volleyball, boxing, cycling, diving, equestrian, fencing, field hockey, gymnastics, judo, mountain biking, rowing, sailing, shooting, soccer, softball, swimming, synchronized swimming, table tennis, tennis, track and field, volleyball, water polo, weightlifting and wrestling.
Two sports, taekwondo and triathlon (swimming, biking, running), were introduced for the first time at the 2000 Summer Games in Sydney, Australia. In 1996, Mountain biking made its Olympic debut.
Olympics symbol :
The olympics flag consists of the Olympic rings -five intertwined rings representing five continents having colors :- blue,yellow,black,green and red on a white field.
The Olympic Motto :
The olympic motto is "Ctius, Altius, Fortius" meaning "Faster, Higher, Stronger"
Olympic Tourch Relay :
The Olympic Flame is lit in Olympia which is used to lit the torch. The torch is relayed to the host city's Olympic stadium.
Olympic Mascot :
The olympic mascot is an animal or human figure which represents the cultural heritage of the host country. The mascots are important message transmission vehicles for the world's largest sports event, especially for children and young people. It is essential to the spectator experience, the mascot reflects the host country identity and culture.
The Winter Olympics was developed from the earlier Nordic Games, which also was a competition of the winter sports and used to be held every four years. It was held for the first time in the year 1924 in Chamonix in France and since then has been held regularly except for the World War II years.
Both the olympics events are held after an interval of four years individually, and are held alternatively after a mutual gap of two years. For instance, the Winter Olympics was held in Turin, Italy in 2006 which was followed by the Summer Olympics event held in Beijing, China in 2008. The next Winter Olympics was held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 2010 followed by the Summer Olympics event hosted by London in 2012.
Winter Olympics exclusively features 7 snow-sporting events divided into 15 disciplines which include bobsled, cross-country skiing, curling, downhill skiing, figure skating, ice hockey, luge, snowboarding and speed skating. There will be a total of 86 medal events in 15 sports for the twenty-first Winter Games in 2010.