Mozambique- Geography and History
consists of historical and topographical developments that occurred through Centuries. The traces of human involvement with Mozambique- History and Geography
can be traced back to the first millennium. A member of the Portuguese Language Countries Community, Mozambique- Geography and History are equally intriguing.
The most prominent feature of Mozambique Geography is its location in the Southern half of Africa just beside the Indian Ocean. Major area of the country is made of flat Coastal Plains but as one moves inland the topography changes and towards the Western and Northern borders of the country there is a marked dominance of high plateaus and mountains. Rivers in Mozambique occupy an important position in Mozambique Geography. There are a number of vibrant rivers that flow through the country, these include, the Zambezi and Limpopo. Climate in Mozambique varies from tropical to sub- tropical.
Mozambique History began with the migration of the Bantu speakers to the place in the first Millennium followed by the Arab and Swahili traders. Vasco Da Gama landed on the coast of Mozambique in the year 1498 and by the year 1505 Mozambique was a Portuguese Colony. It was only after 470 years that the people of Mozambique succeeded in acquiring independence from the Portuguese in the year 1975. Samora Moises Machel became the first President of Independent Mozambique. However, just within a decade of earning independence the National Government of Mozambique faced opposition from anti government guerrillas, the Mozambique National Resistance. This led to the alteration of the Constitution which drafted the creation of a Government with three branches. Thus ended the 16 years long Civil war in Mozambique and in the year 1995 Mozambique became a member of the British Commonwealth.