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Facts about Federated States of Micronesia




Where is Micronesia?
The Federated States of Micronesia is composed of several islands located west-southwest of Hawaii, in the north Pacific Ocean.

What is the capital of Micronesia?
The capital of the Federated States of Micronesia is Palikir. Located on the island of Pohnpei, it has a population of 4,645. Palikir became the capital of Micronesia in 1989, replacing Kolonia.

How big is Micronesia?
Micronesia covers a total area of 271 square miles. The total population of the region is 102,624.

What are the ethnic groups in Micronesia?
There are over nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups in the Federated States of Micronesia.

Who are the political leaders of Micronesia?
The government of Micronesia is a type of constitutional confederation in free association with the United States. The President is the chief of state and head of government.

Head of State and Government - President Emanuel Mori
Vice President - Alik Alik

What is the official currency used in Micronesia?
The United States Dollar denoted by the ISO 4217 code USD is the official currency of the Federated States of Micronesia. It is divided into 100 cents or pennies. The U.S. dollar is also the currency of some British Overseas Territories including British Virgin Islands and Turks and Caicos.

What is the official language of Micronesia?
English is the official and the most widely spoken language in Micronesia. There are many ethnic languages spoken that include Yapase, Kosrean, Chukese, Pohnpeian, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, and Kapingamarangi.

What is the official religion of Micronesia?
The official religion of the Federated States of Micronesia is Christianity. Roman Catholicism and Protestantism are the largest denominations.

What is the economy of Micronesia like?
The economy of Micronesia is a mixed economy with services, industries, agriculture, fisheries, health, and tourism being the major sectors. In 2009, the gross domestic product per capita (nominal) was estimated at $2,702, while the national income per capita was $3,227. Agriculture constitutes about fifteen percent of the Micronesian economy with tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, black pepper, tapioca, betel nuts, and sweet potatoes being the major agricultural products. The nation exports fish, bananas, black pepper while the major imports include manufactured goods, food, beverages, and machinery parts. Japan, Hong Kong, Guam, and the United States are the major trading partners.

When is the national day of Micronesia celebrated?
The national day of the Federated States of Micronesia is celebrated on November 3. On this day in 1979, Micronesia gained independence from the US-administered UN Trusteeship. A few days later on May 10 of the same year, Micronesia adopted its constitution and this day is celebrated as the Constitution Day. The constitution was drafted in 1975 but was ratified only three years later in 1979.