Mexico or The United Mexican States, is a country located in North America. It shares its borders with United States to the north, Pacific Ocean to the south and the west, Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea to the southeast, and Gulf of Mexico to the east.
Mexico City is the capital of Mexico. Located in the Valley of Mexico, it is one of the most important financial centers in Americas and is an "alpha" global city. It was founded in 1325 by the Mexica people, who were later known as the Aztecs.
How big is Mexico?
The total area of Mexico is fifth-largest in North America and thirteenth-largest in the world. It has a total area of 761,606 square miles and an estimated population of 112,322,757.
What is the currency of Mexico?
The peso is the currency of Mexico. Its ISO 4217 code is MXN and it is subdivided into 100 centavos. It is the 12th most traded currency in the world and is issued by the Bank of Mexico.
Which is the largest city of Mexico?
The capital of Mexico, Mexico City, is the largest city in the country. It is an important political, educational, cultural, and financial center. The total area of Mexico City is 573 square miles and an estimated population of 8,851,080. The Mexico City metropolitan area has a population of 21.2 million.
What is the official language of Mexico?
Legally, there is no official language at the federal level in the country. Majority of the people speak Spanish, while there is large number of indigenous language-speakers. There are 68 linguistic groups recognized by the National Institute of Indigenous Languages. Some of the native languages are Nahuati, Mixtec, Yukatek Maya, and Zapotec. There are also German-speaking Mennonites in the country.
What is the religion of Mexico?
Majority of the population in Mexico is Catholic. Non-Christian religions, such as Judaism, constitute the minority in the country. Almost 4.7 % of the population declares having no religious affiliation.
What is the literacy rate of Mexico?
Mexico has high literacy rate. It ranks 24th in the world according to UNESCO. The literacy rate in the country is 97%.
Mexico is a federal constitutional republic. According to the 1917 Constitution, it is a presidential system. The constitution describes three levels of government: the federal Union, the state governments, and the municipal government. The government comprises three branches: the executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive branch is represented by the governor and cabinet, legislative branch is represented by the Congress, and the judiciary includes the Supreme Court of Justice.
Who is the political leader of Mexico?
Felipe de Jesus Calderon Hinojosa is the incumbent President of Mexico. He assumed office on December 01, 2006.
When is the National Day of Mexico celebrated?
The national day of Mexico commemorates its freedom from Spain and is celebrated on September 16. On this day in 1810, priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla declared independence in the town of Dolores. This day is celebrated by a speech given by the president, and is marked by festivities.
What is the economy of Mexico like?
The GDP of Mexico is $1.004 trillion while the per capita income is $9,243. It is the 13th largest economy of the world in nominal terms. The services sector accounts for 69.5% of the GDP, followed by manufacturing industries (26.6%), and agriculture (4%). The unemployment rate of the country is 6.2%. Major trade flows are with US, Canada. Germany, China, South Korea, and Japan.