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Mauritania is officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, and gained independence from France on November 28, 1960. The country has faced political unrest for many years. Human rights issues like slavery and human trafficking, as well as government corruption have been common problems in Mauritania's recent history.
Mauritania has a population of about 3,281,635, which is about 30 percent Arab (Moors), 30 percent black, and 40 percent mixed. The national religion of Mauritania is Islam, and almost 100 percent of the population are Muslims, with a tiny minority of Catholics. The official language of Mauritania is Arabic, but other languages spoken are Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof, which are also recognized national languages, as well as Hassaniya, Serer, Imraguen, and French.
Last Updated On : April 25, 2013
Lat Long18.6597° N, 11.7001° W
Major ReligionEthnic groups: Nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups. Religion: Roman Catholic 53%, Protestant 42.4%, Others 4.6%.
National day28 November (1960)
Form of GovernmentSemi-presidential Islamic republic
PresidentMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Prime MinisterMoulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf
GDP$2,100 (2012 est.)