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Mali is divided into eight regions and the capital district: Kayes, Koulikoro, Sikasso, Segou, Mopti, Tombouctou, Gao, Kidal, and the Bamako Capital District. The regions are further divided into cercles and communes.
Mali has been part of the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire, and the Songhai Empire, before becoming a colony of France in the 19th century, when it became part of French Sudan. French Sudan became the Sudanese Republic, and together with Senegal united to became the Mali Federation, which gained independence from France on June 20, 1960.
Independence was followed by a socialist takeover of the country by leader Modibo Keita, who was overthrown in a military coup in 1968. The day of this even, November 19, 1968, is celebrated as Liberation Day. Moussa Traore led the country, though faced with an extreme drought and famine, and a quickly dissatisfied population. An uprising in 1991, known as the March Revolution, led to a new constitution and a democratic election.
Last Updated On : March 14, 2013
Latitude and Longitude14.8128° N, 5.5030° W
Population15,494,466 (July 2012 est.)
Area478,800 sq miles (1,240,000 sq km)
LanguagesFrench Language, Bambara, Peul/foulfoulbe
Time Zone GMT (UTC+0)
International AirportSenou International Airport
National HolidayIndependence Day, 22 September (1960)
National anthemLe Mali