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Facts about Lithuania



Where is Lithuania?
The Republic of Lithuania is a nation in northern Europe located at the edge of north European Plain. It is bordered by Latvia on the north, Belarus on the east and south, Poland on the south, and by Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave on the south-west.
What is the capital of Lithuania?
Vilnius is the capital city of Lithuania and also the capital of Vilnius County. It is the largest city in the country with an estimated population of 560,190. The city is considered to be the economic centre of the country and is one of the largest financial centers for the Baltic states.

How big is Lithuania?
Lithuania spans a total area of 25,174 square miles. The population of the country as estimated in 2011 is 3,244,000.



What are the ethnic groups in Lithuania?
The majority of the population of Lithuania is constituted by the Lithuanians. The other ethnic groups in the country include Poles, Russians, and Belarusians.

What are the administrative divisions of Lithuania?
Lithuania is divided into ten counties that are further divided into sixty municipalities. The municipalities comprise over five hundred elderships. A governor is appointed by the central government for each county. Municipalities also elect their own government, wherein the Mayor is the head of the municipality.


Who are the political leaders of Lithuania?
The government of Lithuania is a parliamentary republic.

President - Dalia Grybauskaite
Prime Minister - Andrius Kubilius
Seimas Speaker - Irena Degutiene

What is the official currency used in Lithuania?
The Lithuanian litas denoted by the ISO 4217 code LTL is the official currency of Lithuania. It is divided into 100 centų. The litas has been the national currency of Lithuania since 1993.

What is the official language of Lithuania?
The official language of Lithuania is Lithuanian. However, people also communicate in English, Russian, German, and Polish.


What is the official religion of Lithuania?
Christianity is the pre-dominant religion in Lithuania with Roman Catholicism being the largest denomination. Other denominations include Orthodoxy, Evangelical Lutheranism, Reformed Church, and Jehovah’s Witnesses. Islam and Judaism are also practiced in Lithuania.

What is the economy of Lithuania like?
Lithuania is a nation with high average income. It is a member country of the European Union and is the largest economy among three Baltic countries. In 2011, the gross domestic product (PPP) was estimated at $59.825 billion, while the per capita stood at $18,278. Major industries include biotechnology, tourism, wood processing, paper industry, construction, real estate, and food processing. The country exports minerals, machinery, and chemical products, while the major imports include machinery, mineral products, and chemical or allied industry products. Russia, Poland, Germany, and Latvia are the principal trading partners.

When is the national day of Lithuania celebrated?
The national day of Lithuania is celebrated on February. It is better known as the Lithuanian State Re-establishment Day. On this day in 1918, Lithuania gained independence from the rule of Russia and Germany.


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