Languages of Lebanon
are mostly categorized into six different categories and all of these languages are the living Lebanon languages. The literacy rate of Lebanon usually varies between 70% and 75%. Arabic is the official language of Lebanon and it is the religious language too for the communities like Muslims, Druze and some of the Christian followers. The Arabic is the official language of Lebanon and it is because both the Arabic and the Lebanese language have Semitic origin. By the time of advent of Prophet Mohammad, Arabic has a made it mark as the literary language and this language captured Lebanon with the Arab conquerors.
The names of the six living languages in Lebanon are mentioned below:
- Arabic, North Levantine spoken
- Arabic, Standard
- Kurdish, Northern
Leaving Arabic, the other languages of Lebanon are spoken as per the regions and the understandability of the peoples. Armenian is closely related to English and is an Indo- European language but majority of the vocabulary is translated from Arabic and Turkish. The Armenians have their own medieval classical literature and it is unlike from the modern Armenian literature.
French and English are widely spoken western languages of Lebanon. Arabic is the official Lebanon language yet most of the government publication appears in both French and Arabic. The impact and influence of English on the Languages of Lebanon increased after the World War II.
Various Lebanese authors choose English and French as the writing medium and the fluency in these dialects marked the educated men and women. Thus it can be said that all the six languages of Lebanon equally forms the very part of Lebanon - Society and culture.