During the English stay in Jamaica, a major portion of the vegetation in the Blue Mountain was cleared for farming and supplies of wood. The Blue Mountain and John Crow Mountain National Park was established in 1992 with the intention to preserve and nurture the forestation and ecosystem.
The Blue mountain of Jamaica has a wealth of scenic natural beauty, and is a popular destination for tourists, who love to take in the beauty of the region, and indulge in walks, treks and hikes to and from nearby locations. There are also a number of waterfalls and hot springs in the area.
Blue Mountain is famous for its coffee. The first coffee seeds were brought to the region by Governor Sir Nicholas Lawes from Hisnapiola, during the year 1728. Land in the lower slopes was cleared to start a coffee plantation, and today Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee counts among the world's best gourmet coffees. Most of the coffee produced is exported, and is a major source of revenue for Jamaica.