During the ancient period, Procida was under the dictatorship of Mycene. Later in the 8th century B.C., the first settlement of Greeks was found by the archeologists. However, during Roman supremacy, Procida became a renowned resort for the patrician class of Rome.
In the Middle Age, Procida became under the jurisdiction of the Duke of Naples. The region was totally devastated after repeated attacks from people of other communities. The then Procidanis were forced to resettle in a fortified village of Medieval period. Much later, in 1339, unifying with the Island of Ischia, Procida witnessed a deep economic transformation. Fishing was not only a fashion or passion activity but also became an occupation for many in preference to agriculture.
Geologically, Procida was a result of the volcanic eruption of four active mountains which now rests as dormant and submerged. The highest point of the Procida Isalnd is the Terra Murata hill standing 91 m altitude.
Procida Island is famous for its cultural values, and many old renowned novelists were born there. The area is also famous for cinema and other cultural arts. Procida has been chosen as a film set for numerous Hollywood films. The island also homes many historical centre of Italy.